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Grains

GrainsSoybean acreage continues to rise in New York. Farmers harvested a record high 312,000 acres in 2012 (USDA & NASS, New York Field Office). Good soils and favorable August weather have been good for grain yields. NY farmers have averaged 46 bushels over the past 3 seasons. This is very comparable to soybean yields in the Midwest. Maturity groups 0-3 can be grown successfully in NY. The majority of the soybeans are grown in the Finger Lakes and into Western NY but are beginning to expand eastward. Cayuga County is the top soybean producing county followed by Seneca, Ontario, and Wayne.

Winter wheat is an important cash crop in New York not only for the grain but also its straw value. Both soft red and white varieties are grown in NY. Wheat flour is used in pastries, crackers, cookies, and breakfast cereals. Wheat also plays an important role in maintaining crop diversity and rotation. Growers harvest about 100,000 acres of wheat each year in NY and have averaged 63 bushels per acre over the past 5 seasons (USDA & NASS, New York Field Office). The majority of the winter wheat is grown in western NY with Livingston, Monroe, and Genesee as the top 3 producing counties.

Corn for grain and silage is a very important feed source for New York's dairy and livestock industry. In 2012, 680,000 acres of corn for grain and 475,000 acres of corn silage were harvested by NY growers (USDA & NASS, New York Field Office). Cash grain operators rotate corn annually with soybeans and small grains while more continuous and longer rotation corn is grown on the dairies for silage. NY corn producers have averaged 139 bushels of grain and 17 tons of silage over the past three seasons. Cayuga, Livingston, and Wyoming are the top corn producing counties in NY.

Oats are a versatile crop that is the first grain crop planted in the spring. Other than grain for feed, they are also grown for straw, silage, cover crop, emergency forage, and a nurse crop in alfalfa seedings. About 60,000 acres of oats are planted each year and the majority goes to grain. Statewide grain yields are very similar to wheat around 65 bushels per acre. Spring barley can be planted as an alternative for oats. Barley yields less than oats (50 bushels per acre) but has a higher feed energy similar to corn. Only about 10,000 acres of spring barley are planted each year 




Relevant Events

Corn Congress - Batavia Location

Event Offers DEC Credits

January 8, 2020
10:00 a.m. - 3:00 p.m.
Batavia, NY

Corn Congress - Waterloo Location

Event Offers DEC Credits

January 9, 2020
10:00 a.m. - 3:00 p.m.
Waterloo, NY

Soybean & Small Grains Congress - Batavia Location

Event Offers DEC Credits

February 5, 2020
10:00 a.m. - 3:00 p.m.
Batavia, NY

Soybean/Small Grains Congress - Waterloo Location

Event Offers DEC Credits

February 6, 2020
10:00 a.m. - 3:00 p.m.
Waterloo, NY

Complete Grains Content

Webinar for Dairy Producers will Cover New Dairy Margin Coverage Program

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 10, 2019

The USDA/Farm Service Agency in New York is partnering with the NYS Crop Insurance Education Program to present a webinar for dairy producers.


Economics of Producing Industrial Hemp in NYS, 2019 Budgets

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: January 17, 2019

Farm business owners can use 2019 budgets to make decisions regarding industrial hemp's place in their cropping systems.


Malting Barley Budgets, New York, 2019

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: December 14, 2018
Malting Barley Budgets, New York, 2019

Farm business owners can use the 2019 revenue, costs and returns estimates from the budgets to make decisions regarding malting barley's place in their cropping systems.


Crop Alert

Mike Stanyard, Team Leader, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: July 27, 2018
Crop Alert

Timely observations, information, and control strategies for managing pests, fertility, and current conditions on northwestern NY farms.


Malting Barley Budgets, New York, 2018

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: January 23, 2018

Farm business owners can use the 2018 cost, revenue and return estimates from the budgets to make decisions regarding malting barley's place in their cropping systems.

Transitioning from Conventional to Organic Production for the CSW Rotation

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: January 10, 2018
Transitioning from Conventional to Organic Production for the CSW Rotation

Growers transitioning from conventional to organic production for the corn, soybean, wheat (CSW) cropping system can use an analysis of transition period economics to make decisions regarding an optimal crop sequencing.

Estimated cost of production, conventionally tilled malting barley

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 29, 2017

Producers can use cost and returns estimates to make decisions regarding malting barley production's place in their cropping systems:  understanding variability plays an important role.

Malting Barley Budgets, Conventional Tillage, New York, 2017

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 29, 2017

Producers can use cost and return estimates to make decisions regarding malting barley production's place in their cropping systems; understanding variability plays an important role.

Malting Barley Budgets, Reduced Tillage, New York, 2017

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 29, 2017

Producers can use cost and return estimates to make decisions regarding malting barley production's place in their cropping systems; understanding variability plays an important role.

Benefits and Costs of Entry Level Precision Agriculture Technologies

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: February 16, 2017
Benefits and Costs of Entry Level Precision Agriculture Technologies

Auto Section Control (ASC) is a precision agriculture technology designed to reduce double planting and other crop input usage in headlands. See the presentation by Erick Haas and John Hanchar at the 2017 Operations Managers Conference for benefits and costs, including results from partial budgeting and capital investment analysis.

Economics of Malting Barley Production in NYS

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: January 31, 2017
Economics of Malting Barley Production in NYS

Economics of malting barley production in New York State is described using estimates of costs and profit with sensitivity analysis. Variability in returns is a key message.

Pricing Corn Silage - Fall 2016

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: September 9, 2016
Pricing Corn Silage - Fall 2016

Summary
    • Analysis suggests corn silage price depends on corn silage quantities, alfalfa hay price, the price received by farmers for milk, and corn grain price.
    • Analysis for NY suggests that estimated corn silage price is most sensitive to corn silage quantities, alfalfa hay price and corn grain price.
    • Price estimates combined with understanding of relevant supply and demand factors from an individual farm business owner's perspective can aid decision making regarding corn silage price. Given most recently available alfalfa hay and corn grain prices (June 2016, and October, November 2016, respectively), price analysis for NY suggests an estimated corn silage price of about $60 per ton. The Fall 2015 estimate was about $50 per ton. 

Winter Wheat Planting

Mike Stanyard, Team Leader, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: September 9, 2016
Winter Wheat Planting

What a year for winter wheat production! I have not seen any yield estimates for NY but I can't tell you how many growers told me they had their highest grain averages EVER. Many were close to and over the century mark. Conditions from planting to harvest favored record yields. It's time to start all over again so let's get the planting season off to a good start.

Soft Red Winter Wheat - 2016

Mike Stanyard, Team Leader, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: September 2, 2016
Soft Red Winter Wheat - 2016

Below are the results of the 2016 Cornell soft red winter wheat regional trials and the cumulative summaries over years. Because the rankings of the varieties and lines often change from year to year, only the multiple year summaries should be considered to be useful indicators of varietal performance in this region. The information herein is provided with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement by Cornell University or its employees is implied.


Summer Annual Forage Options

Last Modified: July 13, 2016

This factsheet was developed for Northern New York, but still is relevant in our area. 

New Malting Barley Resources at Cornell

Mike Stanyard, Team Leader, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 6, 2016

Custom Machinery Rates

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms & Livestock
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 1, 2016

Trying to figure out how much to pay or charge for custom machinery operations? Check out the 2016 custom rate summaries from Pennsylvania.

Entry Point Precision Ag Technology: Benefits & Costs for Decision Making

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: March 15, 2016
Entry Point Precision Ag Technology: Benefits & Costs for Decision Making

Two benefits attributed to auto steer mentioned frequently by producers and their advisors are reduced stress and reduced fatigue. Combine these benefits with expected favorable economic and financial impacts, and auto steer has the potential to be a beneficial change in practice for farmers, one that farmers will likely want to evaluate for their business.

Malting Barley Variety Trial

Mike Stanyard, Team Leader, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: September 29, 2015
Malting Barley Variety Trial

See the 2015 Cornell Malting Barley Variety Trial Summaries from across New York to see what varieties did best this year.

Stored Grain Insecticides NY

Mike Stanyard, Team Leader, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: September 23, 2015

If you choose to apply an insecticide directly to the grain, see the updated chart for all stored grains for NYS, provided by Mike Helms from the Cornell Pesticide Management Education Program (PMEP).

Planting Tips for Winter Wheat

Mike Stanyard, Team Leader, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: September 18, 2015
Planting Tips for Winter Wheat

What an up and down growing season for winter wheat. The variability of rainfall totals across the region really determined what yields ended up in the bin. WNY definitely had better growing conditions for their wheat crop than the Finger Lakes region. Overall, it took a while for wheat to get down to an appropriate percent moisture but harvest seemed to move quickly once it got there. We still had some problems with Fusarium Head Scab mainly where there were more rain events. Unfortunately, some fields were above the 2 ppm limit and some tested as high as 6 ppm. Those who sprayed a fungicide at flowering seemed to have good success in keeping vomitoxin levels down.

Crop Cam

Mike Stanyard, Team Leader, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: September 9, 2015
Crop Cam

Tune in as the NWNY Teams' Extension agronomists put on their GoPro cameras and head to the field.




Crop Cam 9-01-15  White Mold in Soybeans, Mike Stanyard in Ontario County.
Crop Cam 6-17-15  Scouting Soybean Aphids Mike Stanyard in Ontario County.
Crop Cam 6-05-15  Scouting Black Cutworm in Field Corn Mike Stanyard in Orleans County.
Crop Cam 5-29-15 Identifying Flowering Stage of Wheat Mike Stanyard in Monroe County.
Crop Cam 5-15-15 Alfalfa Weevil Larvae Scouting Mike Stanyard in Ontario County.
Crop Cam 5-14-15 Winter Triticale Forage Harvest Mike Stanyard in Wayne County.
Crop Cam 4-27-15:Comparing two winter malting barley fields. Bill Verbeten in Niagara County.
Crop Cam 4-6-15:  Estimating wheat tiller counts per square yard. Mike Stanyard in Ontario County.
Crop Cam 3-20-15:Evaluating winter malting barley. Bill Verbeten in Niagara County.

Cover Crop Options in 2015

Mike Stanyard, Team Leader, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: August 7, 2015
Cover Crop Options in 2015

Winter grain harvest should be just about wrapped up. That leaves a lot of open ground out there to plant some cover crops. We also ended up with quite a few prevented planting corn and soybean acres this spring. Some of that ground will go into winter small grains like wheat, rye and barley this fall. If you do not grow winter grains in your rotation, it is a good opportunity to get that ground covered up. There is also an opportunity to grow some more forage acres. This wet growing season has not been stellar for corn production. Crops like sorghum, forage oats and triticale can help fill in some of those forage losses. The past couple of years have shown us that the first half of August has been the optimal planting window for success of most cover crops.

Varying Corn & Soybean Populations, Varieties, & Down Force

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: March 18, 2015
Varying Corn & Soybean Populations, Varieties, & Down Force

Considering varying your corn or soybean populations? Curious about multiple hybrid planters and planting two corn or soybean varieties in the same field? Maybe you're trying to decide between a planter with hydraulic or air bag down force pressure? If so check out this AgFocus Newsletter article from April of 2015.

Apply Now for New Farmer Profit Teams

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms & Livestock
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: March 16, 2015
Apply Now for New Farmer Profit Teams

Do you need some decision support to improve profitability of the farm business after 3-9 years of running it? Farmers at this stage are often faced with critical decisions that determine the long-term viability of their operation.

Pop-Up and Starter Fertilizers in Corn and Soybeans

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: March 4, 2015
Pop-Up and Starter Fertilizers in Corn and Soybeans

Curious about applying pop-up or starter fertilizer to corn and soybeans? Check out this AgFocus article from May of 2013.

Proposed FAA Drone Rules Released

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: February 24, 2015
Proposed FAA Drone Rules Released

On Sunday February 15th, 2015 the FAA released it's proposed rules for commercial unmanned aerial systems (UAS), commonly called drones, for public comment for 60 days. A summary can be found in the PDF below.

USDA Guide for Organic Crop Producers

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: February 12, 2015
USDA Guide for Organic Crop Producers

Thinking about transitioning some acres to organic production? Already an organic crop farmer and need to review some information? Check out the USDA Guide for Organic Crop Producers in the PDF below.

FAQs about Farm Drones

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: December 22, 2014
FAQs about Farm Drones

Have a question about using an unmanned aerial system (UAS) on your farm? Not sure what is and isn't legal for drone use on your land? Check out this PDF for more information.

Gov. Cuomo Announces New Farmer Grant

Last Modified: November 5, 2014

The New York State New Farmers Grant Fund was created to provide assistance to new and early stage farmers and encourage farming as a career path to sustain and grow agribusiness across New York State.

Northern Stem Canker in Soybeans

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: September 19, 2014
Northern Stem Canker in Soybeans

Heard about Northern Stem Canker? It's a new disease in New York that's been found in many soybean fields. Download this write-up by Gary Bergstrom and Jaime Cummings discussing Northern Stem Canker in Soybeans.

Safely Handling & Storage of Anhydrous Ammonia

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: September 11, 2014
Safely Handling & Storage of Anhydrous Ammonia

Thinking about using anhydrous ammonia? Be sure to download and read this safety fact sheet first before buying, handling, storing, or applying this fertilizer.

Delayed Planting Dates and Corn Maturity 2014

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: August 21, 2014
Delayed Planting Dates and Corn Maturity 2014

Worried about the corn crop reaching maturity? Check out Bill Cox's article (see PDF) discussing why we can still be optimistic about a lot of the corn grain and silage acres. 

Planting Winter Triticale, Malting Barley, Wheat, & Rye

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: August 21, 2014
Planting Winter Triticale, Malting Barley, Wheat, & Rye

As corn silage, soybeans, and corn grain come off during September and October many winter small grains will be planted in northwestern NY. This article reviews the similarities and differences for current planting recommendations of winter triticale, malting barley, wheat, and rye. 

USDA Helps New and Beginning Farmers

Last Modified: August 14, 2014

USDA continues its commitment to the future of agriculture by unveiling www.usda.gov/newfarmers, a one-stop shop for new and beginning farmers entering agriculture. It?s a practical, workable tool that will help farmers and ranchers of tomorrow tap into the range of USDA resources today. Featuring direct links to USDA programs and services, as well as case studies about how USDA support is being put to work to for America?s agriculture future, usda.gov/newfarmers is a welcome new resource.

Harvesting Small Grains

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: July 9, 2014

As farmers in northwestern NY prepare to combine their wheat, barley, rye, triticale, oats, and other small grains in the coming weeks it is important to review the best management practices for harvest timing, reducing harvest losses, increasing dry down, and preventing fires. Download the PDF for the full July 2014 Ag Focus article on this topic.

New Technology for Corn Nitrogen Needs

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 20, 2014
New Technology for Corn Nitrogen Needs

Farmers and agronomists are constantly looking for better tools to improve crop production, and corn nitrogen is no exception. In an effort to account for the spatial variability within every field and the temporal variability of nitrogen due to weather farmers are beginning to use two new tools, GreenSeeker and Adapt-N, on a small scale in northwestern NY. While these tools have great potential to improve corn nitrogen management it is important to understand what they require to work well and the situations where their use may not be warranted until more experience is gained with them. Download the PDF for the full article that appeared in the June 2014 Ag Focus Newsletter.

Soil Tests for Corn Nitrogen Needs

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 20, 2014
Soil Tests for Corn Nitrogen Needs

With extreme weather in 2012 and 2013 many farmers and consultants are scratching their heads trying figure out what in the world to do for applying nitrogen for the 2014 corn crop. While soil testing in the fall is standard procedure for other nutrients, normal soil sampling and testing does not document the nitrogen available to corn. In dry years some nitrogen can carryover in the soil from fall to spring, but wet years have high levels of nitrogen loss. Nitrogen from manure and plowing down haylage are not available as quickly as nitrogen fertilizer. Normally a corn crop does not need any nitrogen beyond a small amount of starter in the first year plowing down a haylage field. Dairies can often meet their nitrogen needs with manure. However many corn fields after haylage or with lots of manure needed side-dress nitrogen in 2013 due to excessively high rainfall. Because of all these reasons the soil tests for nitrogen usually have different procedures than normal soil testing. Depending on the growing season some soil tests may be more useful than others, and other tools may be needed in addition to or in place of soil testing. Download this PDF for the full article that appeared in the May 2014 Ag Focus Newsletter.

Variable Rate Fertility Management

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: April 24, 2014
Variable Rate Fertility Management

An expanded version of the February 2014 Ag Focus Article, Variable Rate Fertility Management.

Adapt N Training Resources

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: April 15, 2014
Adapt N Training Resources

Interested in the Adapt N tool? Check out the videos, PDFs, and manual below.

Early Season Wheat Management Tips

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: March 6, 2014
Early Season Wheat Management Tips

Need to review early season management of nitrogen, weeds, and fungicides in winter wheat? Check out Mike Stanyard's March 2014 Ag Focus article on this topic.

Handy Bt Trait Table

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: March 6, 2014
Handy Bt Trait Table

Not sure about which insects your Bt trait is rated to control? Have questions about what refuge requirement is appropriate for your Bt corn variety? Wondering what herbicide tolerances are associated with different Bt hybrids? Check out the "Handy Bt Trait Table" authored by Chris DiFonzo of Michigan State University and Eileen Cullen of University of Wisconsin.

Alternative Row Spacing for Corn Grain: Preliminary Findings for NY

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: March 4, 2014

Are narrow row widths attractive for corn grain, and under what conditions in NY? What are expected changes in profit associated with a change from 30 inch to narrow rows of corn grain?

Evaluating Small Grains for Winter Injury

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: February 21, 2014
Evaluating Small Grains for Winter Injury

Concerned about your winter wheat, barley, rye, spelt, or triticale crops being damaged by harsh winter conditions? Check out this PDF for more information about evaluating winter small grains for winter injury.

Cover Crop InterSeeder

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: February 17, 2014
Cover Crop InterSeeder

Want to plant a cover crop into standing corn or soybeans, apply a herbicide, and sidedress nitrogen all in one pass? Check out the cover crop InterSeeder developed at Penn State in this PDF. For additional information go to InterSeeder website.

Illinois Soil Nitrogen Test (ISNT)

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: February 14, 2014
Illinois Soil Nitrogen Test (ISNT)

Curious about what the ISNT soil test is and how to use it? Download this Cornell Agronomy Fact Sheet describing the Illinois Soil Nitrogen Test. More Agronomy Fact Sheets are available at the Cornell Nutrient Management Spear Program website.

Soil Sampling for Field Crops

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: February 13, 2014
Soil Sampling for Field Crops

Not sure how to sample your soil? Download this Cornell Agronomy Fact Sheet. More Agronomy Fact Sheets are available at the Cornell Nutrient Management Spear Program website.

Mapping Management Zones with Soil Conductivity

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: February 4, 2014
Mapping Management Zones with Soil Conductivity

Interested in creating soil management zones with soil conductivity on your farm? Download this PDF.

Getting the Most Out of Your Manure Presentation

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: January 23, 2014
Getting the Most Out of Your Manure Presentation

There are many practical, cost-effective manure management practices can be adopted on farms of all sizes.

Abnormal Corn Ears Poster

Last Modified: January 21, 2014
Abnormal Corn Ears Poster

“Check out this poster describing the cause of abnormal corn ears.”

Malting Barley Nutrient Management

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: January 21, 2014
Malting Barley Nutrient Management

Presentation slides from Farmer Brewer Winter Weekend meeting January 18, 2014.

Apps for Ag

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms & Livestock
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: December 20, 2013

List of some apps for smartphone users.

Veris Soil Electrical Conductivity, pH, & OM Videos

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: December 17, 2013
Veris Soil Electrical Conductivity, pH, & OM Videos

Annual Farm Business Summary and Analysis Season Is Right Around The Corner

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: December 2, 2013

  • Sound financial planning and control are keys to successfully managing agricultural risks.
  • The next few months present good opportunities to evaluate your business' financial management practices.
  • The NWNY Dairy, Livestock, and Field Crops Program has the capacity to work with a variety producers as they seek to improve their business' financial management practices.

2013 Corn Silage Variety Trial

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: November 4, 2013
2013 Corn Silage Variety Trial

Check out the latest Cornell Corn Silage Variety Trial results.

2014 NRCS EQIP Sign-up

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: November 4, 2013
2014 NRCS EQIP Sign-up

For more information about 2014 EQIP applications download these PDFs.

Vertical Tillage Equipment

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: October 3, 2013
Vertical Tillage Equipment

Vertical tillage tools have become very popular in recent years. For more information click on the links for the following companies: AerWay, Great Plains, John Deere, Case IH, Rangeline, McFarlane, & Landoll.

Pricing Corn Silage - Fall 2013

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: September 23, 2013
Pricing Corn Silage - Fall 2013

Empirical price analysis suggests that corn silage price is a function of corn silage quantities, alfalfa hay price, the price received by farmers for milk sold, and corn grain price. Given most recently available alfalfa hay and corn grain prices (August, and September/October 2013, respectively) and other factors (corn silage quantity and milk price) fixed at average levels for the period 1991 through 2010 price analysis suggests an estimated corn silage price of about $42 per ton.

Proper use of Aluminum Phosphate as a Fumigant

Mike Stanyard, Team Leader, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: September 20, 2013

Weevil populations are increasing in stored wheat in NY. Aluminum Phosphate tablets and pellets can be used to fumigate and control insect infestations in the grain bin. Find out how to properly apply them correctly and protect yourself.

Stored Grain Insect Management in NY

Mike Stanyard, Team Leader, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: September 20, 2013

Weevil populations are increasing in stored wheat in NY. What are the labeled options for NY producers?

Shredlage Harvesting Recommendations

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: September 10, 2013
Shredlage Harvesting Recommendations

For detailed recommendations on adjustments to Shredlage Harvesters download this PDF.

Soybean Fungicide Efficacy in NY

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: August 29, 2013

Need to know which fungicides are effective at controlling soybean diseases? Unsure about the harvest restrictions for soybean fungicides? Check out this PDF from Gary Bergstrom, Cornell Professor of Plant Pathology.

Using GDD to Predict Corn Silage Harvest

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: August 29, 2013
Using GDD to Predict Corn Silage Harvest

The idea that corn silage is harvested at about 45 days after tassel is not very accurate most years in New York. See this PDF from Cornell Professor Bill Cox discussing how using growing degree days (GDD) and rainfall is a better approach to predicting corn silage harvest.

Corn Silage Pricing

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: August 22, 2013

A number of tools are available to help farmers price their corn silage.
 
Check out the Cornell University factsheet
a calculator from the University of Wisconsin/ Extension Corn Silage Pricing Decision Aid (http://www.uwex.edu/ces/crops/uwforage/dec_soft.htm), 
a calculator from Penn State University
and a calculator from the Purdue University

Corn Fungicide Efficacy in NY

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: July 26, 2013

Need to know which fungicides work on corn? Check out this PDF from Gary Bergstrom, Cornell Professor of Plant Pathology.

New York Corn and Soybean Growers Association

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: July 9, 2013

The NY Corn and Soybean Growers Association website contains marketing information and resources, news and events, and other resources valuable to producers of corn and soybeans.

Economics of Intensive Wheat Management Practices - Analysis for 2011

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: July 8, 2013

Intensive wheat management has the potential to increase value of production, income, but additional costs to realize that potential can be relatively large. For 2011, analysis suggests that an intensive system outperformed a standard system based upon the estimated change in profit attributed to intensive management. Analysis for 2010 concluded the same.

Economics of Tile Plow Investment and Use

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: July 8, 2013

Economic analyses suggest conditions under which tractor drawn tile plow investment and use make sense.

Pricing Corn Silage: Another Look

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: July 8, 2013

Price estimates combined with understanding of relevant supply and demand factors from an individual farm business owner's perspective can aid decision making regarding corn silage price. Given current (January, February 2013) alfalfa hay and corn grain prices, price analysis suggests an estimated corn silage price of about $48 per ton.

FISA - A complete set of financial statements for agriculture

Joan Sinclair Petzen, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: July 1, 2013

This is an Excel 5.0 spreadsheet for calculating financial statements for agriculture. It includes a beginning of year (end of last year) balance sheet, end of year (end of this year) balance sheet, income statement, statement of owner equity, statement of cash flows and ratio analysis. The program is designed to allow single entry of data, it automatically does the transposition of data from one statement to the next and does nearly all the calculations. These statements are designed to be consistent with the recommendations of the Farm Financial Standards Council (FFSC). Thus, the statements include deferred taxes, base values for raised breeding livestock, the "sweet sixteen" financial ratios and the other characteristics embedded in the FFSC guidelines. The statements are intended for use with any type of farm business. Space is allowed for nonfarm assets and income because they are often important to lenders and others using the statements. However, the farm business part of the statement is separate from the non-farm section so that nonfarm assets can be ignored if desired. Each of the four basic financial statements is presented on one page with detailed information on supporting schedules. Thus, the summary financial performance and position of a business can be found on five sheets of paper (including two balance sheets).

Bulk Storage Drying of Grain and Oilseeds

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 7, 2013

Bulk storage drying, sometimes called "nearambient & drying", uses either unheated air or air heated to no more than 5°C above ambient temperature. Potentially it is a cheaper alternative than drying in heated-air batch or continuous-flow dryers but drying may take several days or weeks and needs careful control.

Diseases and Their Management in Malting Barley

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 6, 2013

Effective disease management is critical to a successful malting barley industry in New York as diseases can erode both the yield and the quality of the crop.

Cereal Leaf Beetle Feeding & Eggs

Mike Stanyard, Team Leader, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: May 8, 2013

Mike Stanyard found cereal leaf beetle feeding and eggs in Livingston County, early May 2013.

Drilled vs Broadcast Winter Triticale Wyoming County

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: May 7, 2013

A comparison of a drilled vs. broadcasted winter triticale silage field. Heaving occured in the broadcasted field, but not the drilled field. The broadcasted field also did not tiller as well and had more space open for winter annual weeds.

Spring Barley 2012 - 2010

Mike Stanyard, Team Leader, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: May 7, 2013
Spring Barley 2012 - 2010

Below are the results of our small grains regional trials and the cumulative summaries over the last three years. 

NY Hybrid Corn Grain Performance Trials 2012 - 2010

Mike Stanyard, Team Leader, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: May 6, 2013
NY Hybrid Corn Grain Performance Trials 2012 - 2010

Below are the results of our NY Hybrid Corn Grain performance trials and the cumulative summaries over the last three years. 

Soybean Variety Yield Tests 2012 - 2010

Mike Stanyard, Team Leader, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: May 6, 2013
Soybean Variety Yield Tests 2012 - 2010

The annual testing of soybean varieties was conducted at three locations in New York in 2012.



Spring Oat Summaries 2012 - 2010

Mike Stanyard, Team Leader, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: May 6, 2013
Spring Oat Summaries 2012 - 2010

Below are the results of our small grains regional trials and the cumulative summaries over years. Because the rankings of the varieties and lines often change from year to year, only the multiple year summaries should be considered to be useful indicators of varietal performance in this region. Reproduction of any table in this report must include the entire table unless we approve the editing. The information herein is provided with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement by Cornell University or its employees is implied.

NY Corn Silage Hybrid Tests 2012-2010

Mike Stanyard, Team Leader, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: May 3, 2013
NY Corn Silage Hybrid Tests 2012-2010

Below are the results of our NY Corn Silage Hybrid performance trials and the cumulative summaries over the last three years. 



Spider Mite Dispersal in Soybeans

Mike Stanyard, Team Leader, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: May 2, 2013

Mike Stanyard captured spider mites aggregating on a soybean field in western NY.

Early Wheat Management and Scouting

Mike Stanyard, Team Leader, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: May 1, 2013
Early Wheat Management and Scouting

The past couple of seasons I have discussed counting the number of tillers to determine if you should put all of your nitrogen up front, split it into two applications, or put it all on at a second application at Stage 6 (jointing).

A Very Early Start for Winter Wheat in 2012!

Mike Stanyard, Team Leader, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: April 3, 2013
A Very Early Start for Winter Wheat in 2012!

Many winter wheat producers put their first shot of nitrogen on wheat at the end of March/beginning of April (sometimes on frozen ground).

Are These Armyworms??

Mike Stanyard, Team Leader, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: March 1, 2013
Are These Armyworms??

I am finding large worms crawling on top of the snow. Are these armyworms?

Soybean Acres Continue to Climb in NY

Mike Stanyard, Team Leader, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: February 1, 2013

NY producers harvested a record 312,000 acres of soybeans in 2012. Production was up 20% to a record high 14.4 million bushels.

2012 NY Corn & Soybean Growers Association Yield Contest Winners

Mike Stanyard, Team Leader, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: January 2, 2013
2012 NY Corn & Soybean Growers Association Yield Contest Winners

Take a peek and see who the winners are!



Dairy

Dairy

Livestock

Livestock

Grazing

Grazing

Forages

Forages

Grains

Grains

calendar of events

Upcoming Events

Pasture Walk - Wild Geese Farm - Franklinville, NY

August 21, 2019
5:30pm - 8:30pm
Fanklinville, NY

Topics to include: Tools for Managing Rotational Grazed Pasture, Weed ID and Management and Calculating Cost of Production. 
view details

Bovine Reproduction and AI Training Course

September 24 - September 25, 2019
9:30am - 3:30pm
Shortsville, NY

This two-day AI workshop will be held on September 24 and 25. 

Topics covered will include:

• Reproductive Physiology
• Synchronization Protocols
• Heat Detection
• Artificial Insemination
• Proper Thawing of Semen
• Loading A.I. guns
• Practice Breeding Cows

view details

Corn Congress - Batavia Location

Event Offers DEC Credits

January 8, 2020
10:00 a.m. - 3:00 p.m.
Batavia, NY

Please join the NWNY Dairy, Livestock and Field Crop Program's team for our annual Corn Congress.  DEC re-certification points and Certified Crop Adviser credits available, so bring your picture ID.  Lunch is included.  Hear from program-related professionals and visit with our sponsoring vendors.  
view details

Announcements

2019 NY Corn & Soybean Yield Contests - Entries Due 8/30/19

The annual corn and soybean yield contests sponsored by the New York Corn & Soybean Growers Association are underway. Click Here for the 2019 yield contest entry form.  This form and contest rules can also be found on the NY Corn & Soybean Growers Association web page at: https://nycornsoy.org/ 

Entry forms must be postmarked by Friday, August 30 and mailed or emailed to Mike Stanyard. Cost is $30 per entry. Good Luck! 


Preventing Sexual Harassment on Farms

If you're wondering how to get your farm business in compliance with NYS Sexual Harassment Regulations, you've come to the right place.  This is a recording of the presentations given at the live training on July 30 and July 31, 2019 across New York State, which provides updates and farm-specific resources developed by CCE. View the recording here: https://youtu.be/_1IjmAj1Nb8.

RMA Announces Additional One-time Changes to Prevented Planting Provisions

June 29, 2019

RMA Announces Additional One-time Changes to Prevented Planting Provisions
for 2019 Crop Year

In response to delayed and prevented planting resulting from above average rainfall and wetness, the USDA Risk Management Agency has made a one-time change to the 2019 crop year prevented planting rules that effectively allows silage corn, if planted as a cover crop following local agricultural expert guidelines, to be acceptable as a post-prevented planting cover crop. Under this one-time rule change, producers are allowed to produce this crop while retaining their prevented planting payment. This change couples with previously announced one-time changes to the prevented planting rules - including expanded acceptable uses for post-prevented planting cover crops and a change in the cover crop haying and grazing start date rule - serve to help those struggling to meet their forage needs due to the weather.

Read the full article from the New York Crop Insurance Education Program.

The USDA-RMA states that "For crop insurance purposes, a cover crop is a crop generally recognized by agricultural experts as agronomically sound for the area for erosion control or other purposes related to conservation or soil improvement." PRO-DAIRY specialists Joe Lawrence and Karl Czymmek and Dr. Quirine Ketterings, Professor and Director of Cornell Nutrient Management Spear Program have released a letter stating "Corn on Prevented Planting acres meets these objectives."


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