Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops Enrollment

Program Areas

  • Dairy Management
  • Farm Business Management
  • Field Crops
  • Livestock & Small Farms

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  • Educational Meetings & Conferences
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Current Projects

Final reports and results of our research can found throughout this site. But, because some of our work can span several years to gather information, review and summarize our findings, we want to keep you abreast of our current projects. Check back for updates on our progress.




Most Recent Current Projects Content

New Video: "Determining the Market Readiness of Beef Cattle"

Last Modified: December 19, 2016
New Video:

Knowing when an animal is ready for 'finish' or 'slaughter' is extremely important for getting a premium price and satisfying the unique needs of your customers. The Cornell Small Farms Program and the Baskets to Pallets project are pleased to announce a new educational video for livestock producers titled, "Determining the Market Readiness of Beef Cattle". Mike Baker, Cornell Beef Cattle Extension Specialist, takes the viewer on a visual tour of features to assess of both finished and unfinished steers and heifers, including beef breeds and dairy crosses. The video will be an excellent resource for livestock farmers and educators alike. Special thanks to Mike Baker and Lynn Bliven of Allegany County Cornell Cooperative Extension. 

Can value be added to Holstein bull calves?

Last Modified: December 9, 2015
Can value be added to Holstein bull calves?

With favorable market conditions, it can be profitable raising dairy beef. 

Feeder Calf Pool Sale Set, December 16

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: December 9, 2015
Feeder Calf Pool Sale Set, December 16

Two groups of producers, one in central NY and another in northern NY have come together to market their cattle cooperatively in hopes of building a reputation which over time will increase price of their feeder cattle.





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1st Cutting Forage Quality Update

We are into the third week of monitoring 1st cutting for quality this year. Our procedure consists of using alfalfa height to predict Neutral Detergent Fiber (NDF) for alfalfa, alfalfa/grass mixed and grass stands. Alfalfa height has proven to be a reliable indicator of NDF values in the field.

Height indicators alfalfa and grass for NDF content are below:

In general we say 100% grass stands should be cut when nearby alfalfa is 14 inches tall to achieve the desired 50% NDF.

Begin cutting 50/50 mixed alfalfa and grass stands when nearby alfalfa is 22 inches tall for the desired 44% NDF.

Begin cutting 100% alfalfa stands when alfalfa is 28 inches tall for desired 40% NDF.
  
Predicted days to cut are based on daily NDF increases for grasses of 1% point, 50/50 mixed stands of 0.8% points and alfalfa of 0.5% point. NDF usually increases about 0.8 to 1.2/day for grasses expecting the lower end of that range in cooler weather and the higher end in warmer. Alfalfa NDF increases about 0.4 to 0.7/ day again depending on temperatures. Predictions are adjusted for the coming week’s weather and right now assuming normal growth.

In the attached spreadsheet locations around the region are listed where we have measured alfalfa height. You can use the location and elevation as a guide to conditions that may be similar to your farm.

The 2017 hay crop is ahead of 2016 first cutting. For 2017 on May 17, 2017 the alfalfa averaged 20 inches tall and only 2% of the fields were 18 inches or less. Triticale and grass fields should be knocked down at this point otherwise you will be losing quality. It is important that you get first cutting off in a timely manner, so if it comes down to making a choice between planting corn or getting first cutting, opt for the first cutting. The warmer summer weather may help the corn but you can’t get first cutting quality back and you may lose the advantage of adequate soil moisture to gain a quality second harvest.

Mixed stand harvest should start by the weekend with pure alfalfa stands (28 inches for desired 40% NDF) to follow a week later.

Click here for spreadsheet



Latest Dairy Market Watch

An educational newsletter to keep producers informed of changing market factors affecting the dairy industry. How to Read Dairy Market Watch. Dairy Market Watch -  April 2017

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