Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops Enrollment

Program Areas

  • Dairy Management
  • Farm Business Management
  • Field Crops
  • Livestock & Small Farms

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  • Telephone / Email Consultations
  • Ag Focus Newsletter
  • Direct Mailings
  • Educational Meetings & Conferences
  • In-Field Educational Opportunities
  • On-Farm Research Trials

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Grains

GrainsSoybean acreage continues to rise in New York. Farmers harvested a record high 312,000 acres in 2012 (USDA & NASS, New York Field Office). Good soils and favorable August weather have been good for grain yields. NY farmers have averaged 46 bushels over the past 3 seasons. This is very comparable to soybean yields in the Midwest. Maturity groups 0-3 can be grown successfully in NY. The majority of the soybeans are grown in the Finger Lakes and into Western NY but are beginning to expand eastward. Cayuga County is the top soybean producing county followed by Seneca, Ontario, and Wayne.

Winter wheat is an important cash crop in New York not only for the grain but also its straw value. Both soft red and white varieties are grown in NY. Wheat flour is used in pastries, crackers, cookies, and breakfast cereals. Wheat also plays an important role in maintaining crop diversity and rotation. Growers harvest about 100,000 acres of wheat each year in NY and have averaged 63 bushels per acre over the past 5 seasons (USDA & NASS, New York Field Office). The majority of the winter wheat is grown in western NY with Livingston, Monroe, and Genesee as the top 3 producing counties.

Corn for grain and silage is a very important feed source for New York's dairy and livestock industry. In 2012, 680,000 acres of corn for grain and 475,000 acres of corn silage were harvested by NY growers (USDA & NASS, New York Field Office). Cash grain operators rotate corn annually with soybeans and small grains while more continuous and longer rotation corn is grown on the dairies for silage. NY corn producers have averaged 139 bushels of grain and 17 tons of silage over the past three seasons. Cayuga, Livingston, and Wyoming are the top corn producing counties in NY.

Oats are a versatile crop that is the first grain crop planted in the spring. Other than grain for feed, they are also grown for straw, silage, cover crop, emergency forage, and a nurse crop in alfalfa seedings. About 60,000 acres of oats are planted each year and the majority goes to grain. Statewide grain yields are very similar to wheat around 65 bushels per acre. Spring barley can be planted as an alternative for oats. Barley yields less than oats (50 bushels per acre) but has a higher feed energy similar to corn. Only about 10,000 acres of spring barley are planted each year 




Relevant Events

Corn Congress - Batavia Location

Event Offers DEC Credits

January 6, 2021
8:30 a.m. - 3:30 p.m.
Batavia, NY

Corn Congress - Waterloo Location

Event Offers DEC Credits

January 7, 2021
8:30 a.m. - 3:30 p.m.
Waterloo, NY

Soybean & Small Grains Congress - Batavia Location

Event Offers DEC Credits

February 10, 2021
8:30a.m Registration. Program 10:00am - 3:30pm
Batavia, NY

Soybean/Small Grains Congress - Waterloo Location

Event Offers DEC Credits

February 11, 2021
8:30am Registration. Program 10:00am - 3:30pm
Waterloo, NY

Most Recent Grains Content

Pricing Corn Silage -- Fall 2019

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: September 13, 2019

  • Analysis suggests corn silage price depends on corn silage quantities, alfalfa hay price, the price received by farmers for milk, and corn grain price.
  • Analysis for NY suggests that estimated corn silage price is most sensitive to corn silage quantities, alfalfa hay price and corn grain price.
  • Price estimates combined with understanding of relevant supply and demand factors from an individual farm business owner's perspective can aid decision making regarding corn silage price.  Given recently available alfalfa hay and corn grain prices (May through July, 2019, and August 27, 2019, respectively), price analysis for NY suggests an estimated corn silage price of about $45 per ton.  The Fall 2018 estimate was about $41 per ton.


Webinar for Dairy Producers will Cover New Dairy Margin Coverage Program

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 10, 2019

The USDA/Farm Service Agency in New York is partnering with the NYS Crop Insurance Education Program to present a webinar for dairy producers.


Economics of Producing Industrial Hemp in NYS, 2019 Budgets

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: January 17, 2019

Farm business owners can use 2019 budgets to make decisions regarding industrial hemp's place in their cropping systems.


Malting Barley Budgets, New York, 2019

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: December 14, 2018
Malting Barley Budgets, New York, 2019

Farm business owners can use the 2019 revenue, costs and returns estimates from the budgets to make decisions regarding malting barley's place in their cropping systems.


Crop Alert

Mike Stanyard, Team Leader, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: July 27, 2018
Crop Alert

Timely observations, information, and control strategies for managing pests, fertility, and current conditions on northwestern NY farms.


Malting Barley Budgets, New York, 2018

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: January 23, 2018

Farm business owners can use the 2018 cost, revenue and return estimates from the budgets to make decisions regarding malting barley's place in their cropping systems.

Transitioning from Conventional to Organic Production for the CSW Rotation

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: January 10, 2018
Transitioning from Conventional to Organic Production for the CSW Rotation

Growers transitioning from conventional to organic production for the corn, soybean, wheat (CSW) cropping system can use an analysis of transition period economics to make decisions regarding an optimal crop sequencing.

Estimated cost of production, conventionally tilled malting barley

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 29, 2017

Producers can use cost and returns estimates to make decisions regarding malting barley production's place in their cropping systems:  understanding variability plays an important role.

Malting Barley Budgets, Conventional Tillage, New York, 2017

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 29, 2017

Producers can use cost and return estimates to make decisions regarding malting barley production's place in their cropping systems; understanding variability plays an important role.

Malting Barley Budgets, Reduced Tillage, New York, 2017

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 29, 2017

Producers can use cost and return estimates to make decisions regarding malting barley production's place in their cropping systems; understanding variability plays an important role.

Benefits and Costs of Entry Level Precision Agriculture Technologies

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: February 16, 2017
Benefits and Costs of Entry Level Precision Agriculture Technologies

Auto Section Control (ASC) is a precision agriculture technology designed to reduce double planting and other crop input usage in headlands. See the presentation by Erick Haas and John Hanchar at the 2017 Operations Managers Conference for benefits and costs, including results from partial budgeting and capital investment analysis.

Economics of Malting Barley Production in NYS

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: January 31, 2017
Economics of Malting Barley Production in NYS

Economics of malting barley production in New York State is described using estimates of costs and profit with sensitivity analysis. Variability in returns is a key message.





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calendar of events

Upcoming Events

Corn Congress - Batavia Location

Event Offers DEC Credits

January 6, 2021
8:30 a.m. - 3:30 p.m.
Batavia, NY

Please join the NWNY Dairy, Livestock and Field Crop Team for our annual Corn Congress.  DEC re-certification points and Certified Crop Adviser credits available, so bring your picture ID.  Lunch is included.  Hear from program-related professionals and visit with our sponsoring vendors.  
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Corn Congress - Waterloo Location

Event Offers DEC Credits

January 7, 2021
8:30 a.m. - 3:30 p.m.
Waterloo, NY

Please join the NWNY Dairy, Livestock and Field CropsTeam for our annual Corn Congress. DEC re-certification points and Certified Crop Adviser credits available, so bring your picture ID. Lunch is included. Hear from program-related professionals and visit with our sponsoring vendors. 
view details

Soybean & Small Grains Congress - Batavia Location

Event Offers DEC Credits

February 10, 2021
8:30a.m Registration. Program 10:00am - 3:30pm
Batavia, NY

Please join Cornell Cooperative Extension's NWNY Dairy, Livestock, and Field Crops Team for the annual Soybean & Small Grains Congress to be held at the Quality Inn & Suites, 8250 Park Road, Batavia, NY.
view details

Announcements

Resources for Managing Overtime

Beginning January 1, 2020, farm employers in New York will be required to pay overtime to certain employees for all hours worked over 60 in a week. We've developed some tools to help farm employers consider management strategies to respond to this change. Tools include an excel calculator to estimate the cost of overtime and an extension bulletin to help you consider and evaluate changes on your farm.

March 2020 Dairy Market Watch

The latest issue of Dairy Market Watch is now available. Keep up to date on the market issues affecting our dairy industry, and put changing market forces into perspective.

https://nydairyadmin.cce.cornell.edu/uploads/doc_730.pdf

Dairy Market Watch is an educational newsletter to keep producers informed of changing market factors affecting the dairy industry.  Dairy Market Watch is published at the end of every month, funded in part by Cornell Pro-Dairy, and is compiled by Katelyn Walley-Stoll, Business Management Specialist with CCE's SWNY Regional Team.



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