Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops Enrollment

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  • Dairy Management
  • Farm Business Management
  • Field Crops
  • Livestock & Small Farms

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  • Direct Mailings
  • Educational Meetings & Conferences
  • In-Field Educational Opportunities
  • On-Farm Research Trials

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GrainsSoybean acreage continues to rise in New York. Farmers harvested a record high 312,000 acres in 2012 (USDA & NASS, New York Field Office). Good soils and favorable August weather have been good for grain yields. NY farmers have averaged 46 bushels over the past 3 seasons. This is very comparable to soybean yields in the Midwest. Maturity groups 0-3 can be grown successfully in NY. The majority of the soybeans are grown in the Finger Lakes and into Western NY but are beginning to expand eastward. Cayuga County is the top soybean producing county followed by Seneca, Ontario, and Wayne.

Winter wheat is an important cash crop in New York not only for the grain but also its straw value. Both soft red and white varieties are grown in NY. Wheat flour is used in pastries, crackers, cookies, and breakfast cereals. Wheat also plays an important role in maintaining crop diversity and rotation. Growers harvest about 100,000 acres of wheat each year in NY and have averaged 63 bushels per acre over the past 5 seasons (USDA & NASS, New York Field Office). The majority of the winter wheat is grown in western NY with Livingston, Monroe, and Genesee as the top 3 producing counties.

Corn for grain and silage is a very important feed source for New York's dairy and livestock industry. In 2012, 680,000 acres of corn for grain and 475,000 acres of corn silage were harvested by NY growers (USDA & NASS, New York Field Office). Cash grain operators rotate corn annually with soybeans and small grains while more continuous and longer rotation corn is grown on the dairies for silage. NY corn producers have averaged 139 bushels of grain and 17 tons of silage over the past three seasons. Cayuga, Livingston, and Wyoming are the top corn producing counties in NY.

Oats are a versatile crop that is the first grain crop planted in the spring. Other than grain for feed, they are also grown for straw, silage, cover crop, emergency forage, and a nurse crop in alfalfa seedings. About 60,000 acres of oats are planted each year and the majority goes to grain. Statewide grain yields are very similar to wheat around 65 bushels per acre. Spring barley can be planted as an alternative for oats. Barley yields less than oats (50 bushels per acre) but has a higher feed energy similar to corn. Only about 10,000 acres of spring barley are planted each year 

Most Recent Grains Content

Economics of Producing Industrial Hemp in NYS, 2019 Budgets

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: January 17, 2019

Farm business owners can use 2019 budgets to make decisions regarding industrial hemp's place in their cropping systems.

Malting Barley Budgets, New York, 2019

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: December 14, 2018
Malting Barley Budgets, New York, 2019

Farm business owners can use the 2019 revenue, costs and returns estimates from the budgets to make decisions regarding malting barley's place in their cropping systems.

Crop Alert

Mike Stanyard, Team Leader, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: July 27, 2018
Crop Alert

Timely observations, information, and control strategies for managing pests, fertility, and current conditions on northwestern NY farms.











calendar of events

Upcoming Events

Forage Congress

February 27, 2019
10:00 am - 3:30 pm
Mt. Morris, NY

  • Climate Smart Farming Decision Tools
  • Forage Quality to Reduce Purchase Concentrate Cost.  N Management, Guidelines for Grass, Low Lignin Alfalfa, Harvest Schedule
  • Fiber Digestibility & Corn Silage Hybrid Evaluation Using Fiber & Starch Yields
  • Silage Fermentation
  • Inventory & Shrink
  • Producer Panel

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MANURE APPLICATOR TRAINING - DEC Approved Training for CAFO Farms, register by 2/22/2019!

February 28, 2019
9 a.m. - 11 a.m. - Wyo Co Ag Bus Center, Warsaw and 1 p.m. - 3 p. m. Civil Def Bldg., Bath NY

This informational meeting is for all farm owners, family members, and employees who manage their farm's manure. All farms, regardless of size are encouraged to attend. This is a DEC approved Manure Applicator Training that is required for CAFO farms. A certificate will be provided to each farm that participates in the meeting. 
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Raising Healthy Livestock: The Basics of Feeding, Health, and Quality Care

March 2, 2019
10 am - 1 pm
Lockport, NY

Raising livestock can be a rewarding enterprise. There are many things to consider, including what to feed, how to keep them healthy and how to handle them. Cornell Cooperative Extension NWNY Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops Team is holding a workshop for livestock farmers to help address these topics. 
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CDL Training Program For Agricultural Producers and their Employees ONLY

Cornell Cooperative Extension of Wyoming County, in collaboration with Genesee Valley BOCES, will be offering a CDL Training Program for both Class A and Class B licenses. This course is offered to Farm Owners, Operators, and their Employees ONLY.

Thursday, February 28, 2019, 7:00 PM - 9:00 PM (Informational Meeting)
Wednesday, March 6, 2019, 7:00 PM - 9:00 PM (Classroom)
Thursday, March 7, 2019, 7:00 PM - 9:00 PM (Classroom)
Class A CDL=$ 750.00 (Enrolled in Ag Program)
Class A CDL =$ 800.00 (not enrolled in Ag Program).
Class B CDL=$ 600.00 (Enrolled in Ag Program)
Class B CDL =$ 650.00 (Not enrolled in Ag Program)
Checks payable to Cornell Cooperative Extension of Wyoming County
Held at CCE-Wyoming County., 36 Center Street, Warsaw, NY 14569

The informational meeting will be held the week before the CDL training session begins, to answer any questions you may have regarding this program and to pick up the required training materials and medical forms. To register, please contact Debra Welch at 585-786-2251 or email

Wyoming County Pride of Ag Dinner - N Java Fire hall, March 2nd

For more information about the event or to purchase tickets, please contact the Wyoming County Chamber of Commerce, 585.786.0307.

USDA to Host 2018 Farm Bill Implementation Listening Session

The listening session will be held Feb. 26, 2019 at 9:00 a.m. in the Jefferson Auditorium in the South Building located at 14th Street and Independence Ave. S.W. in Washington, D.C.

The listening session is open to the public. Participants must register at by February 22, 2019, to attend the listening session and are encouraged to provide written comments prior to the listening session. For those orally presenting comments at the listening session, written comments are encouraged to be submitted to by February 22, 2019. Additional written comments will be accepted through March 1, 2019. Comments received will be publicly available on

Three Free Digester Workshops offered through CCE St. Lawrence Co.

CCE of St. Lawrence County is offering three FREE workshops showcasing the research results from our feasibility study of anaerobic digester technology on small farms. The research was conducted by our partners at Clarkson University using the anaerobic digester at the Extension Learning Farm, which is fed both manure from a dairy operation and vegetable waste from our commercial kitchen. The digester heats a small green house that starts our seedling plants. We have a small scale vegetable-only digester as well. The research and program targets small dairies under 200 head, livestock producers, horticulture producers and anyone interested in alternative energy.

Program will be held on December 5, January 7, and March 6. A catered meal is provided at each program. Participants within the North Country Region will be given a $25 stipend to help cover travel costs, those from outside the region will be given $50. To receive the stipend, participants will need to complete a pre/post-test survey.

More information and registration information can be found here:

New Guidance for Mortality Disposal Issued

NYS Department of Ag and Markets has posted guidelines on disposal of livestock carcasses, in response to reports that some rendering companies have halted pickups from farms.|1