Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops Enrollment

Program Areas

  • Dairy Management
  • Farm Business Management
  • Field Crops
  • Livestock & Small Farms

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  • Telephone / Email Consultations
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  • Direct Mailings
  • Educational Meetings & Conferences
  • In-Field Educational Opportunities
  • On-Farm Research Trials

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Grains

GrainsSoybean acreage continues to rise in New York. Farmers harvested a record high 312,000 acres in 2012 (USDA & NASS, New York Field Office). Good soils and favorable August weather have been good for grain yields. NY farmers have averaged 46 bushels over the past 3 seasons. This is very comparable to soybean yields in the Midwest. Maturity groups 0-3 can be grown successfully in NY. The majority of the soybeans are grown in the Finger Lakes and into Western NY but are beginning to expand eastward. Cayuga County is the top soybean producing county followed by Seneca, Ontario, and Wayne.

Winter wheat is an important cash crop in New York not only for the grain but also its straw value. Both soft red and white varieties are grown in NY. Wheat flour is used in pastries, crackers, cookies, and breakfast cereals. Wheat also plays an important role in maintaining crop diversity and rotation. Growers harvest about 100,000 acres of wheat each year in NY and have averaged 63 bushels per acre over the past 5 seasons (USDA & NASS, New York Field Office). The majority of the winter wheat is grown in western NY with Livingston, Monroe, and Genesee as the top 3 producing counties.

Corn for grain and silage is a very important feed source for New York's dairy and livestock industry. In 2012, 680,000 acres of corn for grain and 475,000 acres of corn silage were harvested by NY growers (USDA & NASS, New York Field Office). Cash grain operators rotate corn annually with soybeans and small grains while more continuous and longer rotation corn is grown on the dairies for silage. NY corn producers have averaged 139 bushels of grain and 17 tons of silage over the past three seasons. Cayuga, Livingston, and Wyoming are the top corn producing counties in NY.

Oats are a versatile crop that is the first grain crop planted in the spring. Other than grain for feed, they are also grown for straw, silage, cover crop, emergency forage, and a nurse crop in alfalfa seedings. About 60,000 acres of oats are planted each year and the majority goes to grain. Statewide grain yields are very similar to wheat around 65 bushels per acre. Spring barley can be planted as an alternative for oats. Barley yields less than oats (50 bushels per acre) but has a higher feed energy similar to corn. Only about 10,000 acres of spring barley are planted each year 




Relevant Events

Corn Congress - Batavia Location

Event Offers DEC Credits

January 8, 2020
8:30 a.m. - 3:30 p.m.
Batavia, NY

Corn Congress - Waterloo Location

Event Offers DEC Credits

January 9, 2020
8:30 a.m. - 3:30 p.m.
Waterloo, NY

Soybean & Small Grains Congress - Batavia Location

Event Offers DEC Credits

February 5, 2020
10:00 a.m. - 3:00 p.m.
Batavia, NY

Soybean/Small Grains Congress - Waterloo Location

Event Offers DEC Credits

February 6, 2020
10:00 a.m. - 3:00 p.m.
Waterloo, NY

Most Recent Grains Content

Pricing Corn Silage -- Fall 2019

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: September 13, 2019

  • Analysis suggests corn silage price depends on corn silage quantities, alfalfa hay price, the price received by farmers for milk, and corn grain price.
  • Analysis for NY suggests that estimated corn silage price is most sensitive to corn silage quantities, alfalfa hay price and corn grain price.
  • Price estimates combined with understanding of relevant supply and demand factors from an individual farm business owner's perspective can aid decision making regarding corn silage price.  Given recently available alfalfa hay and corn grain prices (May through July, 2019, and August 27, 2019, respectively), price analysis for NY suggests an estimated corn silage price of about $45 per ton.  The Fall 2018 estimate was about $41 per ton.


Webinar for Dairy Producers will Cover New Dairy Margin Coverage Program

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 10, 2019

The USDA/Farm Service Agency in New York is partnering with the NYS Crop Insurance Education Program to present a webinar for dairy producers.


Economics of Producing Industrial Hemp in NYS, 2019 Budgets

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: January 17, 2019

Farm business owners can use 2019 budgets to make decisions regarding industrial hemp's place in their cropping systems.






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calendar of events

Upcoming Events

Cow Comfort Program- Tiestall

December 10, 2019
9:30 am - 3:00 pm
Penn Yan, NY

The Tie Stall Cow Comfort Workshop is an educational program for farmers, employees and agriservice professionals who work directly with dairy cows. Each session will include an on-farm portion where attendees walk through the farm and complete an assessment.
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2019 Feed Dealers' Seminar

December 13, 2019
11:00 am - 2:00 pm
Batavia, NY

The Feed Dealer Seminars are specifically targeted for nutritionists, veterinarians, crop and management consultants, extension educators, and dairy producers with specific interest in nutrition-oriented topics.
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Info Session on the Farm Laborers Fair Labor Practices Act- Newark

December 17, 2019
10:00- 11:30 am
Newark, NY

Come join the NWNY Dairy team and Agriculture Labor Specialists from NYS Department of Labor to get the answers you need.  
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Announcements

Preventing Sexual Harassment on Farms

If you're wondering how to get your farm business in compliance with NYS Sexual Harassment Regulations, you've come to the right place.  The 2018 New York State budget included new regulations addressing sexual harassment in the workplace that became effective on October 9, 2018 for all New York employers, including agricultural employers. All employers are required to have a sexual harassment prevention policy and to provide annual, interactive sexual harassment prevention training for all employees.  Check out the resources developed by Cornell Ag Workforce Development, including step-by-step instructions and farm-friendly training videos.


RMA Announces Additional One-time Changes to Prevented Planting Provisions

June 29, 2019

RMA Announces Additional One-time Changes to Prevented Planting Provisions
for 2019 Crop Year

In response to delayed and prevented planting resulting from above average rainfall and wetness, the USDA Risk Management Agency has made a one-time change to the 2019 crop year prevented planting rules that effectively allows silage corn, if planted as a cover crop following local agricultural expert guidelines, to be acceptable as a post-prevented planting cover crop. Under this one-time rule change, producers are allowed to produce this crop while retaining their prevented planting payment. This change couples with previously announced one-time changes to the prevented planting rules - including expanded acceptable uses for post-prevented planting cover crops and a change in the cover crop haying and grazing start date rule - serve to help those struggling to meet their forage needs due to the weather.

Read the full article from the New York Crop Insurance Education Program.

The USDA-RMA states that "For crop insurance purposes, a cover crop is a crop generally recognized by agricultural experts as agronomically sound for the area for erosion control or other purposes related to conservation or soil improvement." PRO-DAIRY specialists Joe Lawrence and Karl Czymmek and Dr. Quirine Ketterings, Professor and Director of Cornell Nutrient Management Spear Program have released a letter stating "Corn on Prevented Planting acres meets these objectives."


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