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Livestock

LivestockThe livestock industry in New York totals $2.4 billion. For livestock marketing, New York ranks 39th for cattle and calf production, 20th for egg production, 24th for chicken production excluding broilers, 30th for hog and pig production, and 25th for sheep and lamb production. The most recent agriculture statistics for New York State can be found at http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/New_York/index.asp.

All livestock need food and water, and some require shelter.





Relevant Event

Internal Parasites in Sheep & Goats IPM/FAMACHA Workshop, Pre-Register by 3/28

March 30, 2019
9:45 a.m. - 4:00 p.m.
Naples, NY

Complete Livestock Content

Winter Feeding Beef Cows

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: February 14, 2019
Winter Feeding Beef Cows

Winter is a challenging time to feed the beef herd. Mud, cold and snow or rain can stress your cows and increase their nutritional needs. How do you know if you are meeting the needs of your herd?


Deer Farming

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: December 3, 2018
Deer Farming

Cervid production is a $3 billion industry in the US. There are many opportunities for farms to raise deer, but proper care and health management is critical. 


Financial Balancing Act Means Managing Risk is Essential

Joan Sinclair Petzen, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: September 19, 2018

The present long-term downturn in commodity prices brings with it increased financial pressure on farm operations.  Alternatives for managing risk are continually evolving.  For many in agriculture, and particularly dairy, self-insurance has been the go-to method of risk management.  Two new tools, the USDA Market Facilitation Program (MFP) and Dairy Revenue Protection Insurance (DRP) are coming on line and a third, Rainfall Index - Pasture, Rangeland, and Forage (RI-PRF) merits serious consideration.


New Guidance for Mortality Disposal Issued

Libby Eiholzer, Bilingual Dairy
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: August 1, 2018

NYS Department of Ag and Markets has posted guidelines on disposal of livestock carcasses, in response to reports that some rendering companies have halted pickups from farms.  


Stockpiling Pastures

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: July 10, 2018
Stockpiling Pastures

Begin to stockpile your pastures in August to extend the grazing season. 


Is Dairy Crossbreeding Right for You?

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: May 14, 2018
Is Dairy Crossbreeding Right for You?

Are you looking to generate a little more cash flow? Try breeding your low-end cows using beef semen. Dairy replacements are at a low value due to low milk prices and ample supply. According to Cornell/USDA Market News Reporters, well-muscled cross bred calves are bringing a $50-100 premium to Holstein calves. There needs to be a farm-specific strategy for this to be advantageous. To learn more, I recently met with Hannah Worden and Claire Mulligan to hear about ABS's InFocus program. This is one of several companies with an approach this opportunity.

The Meaning and Use of Feed Analysis

Last Modified: February 27, 2018
The Meaning and Use of Feed Analysis

Beef Specialist Mike Baker explains the nutrient requirements for beef cattle and interpreting the forage analysis. 

Know a Better Pasture

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: February 20, 2018
Know a Better Pasture

Pasture is a great way to feed your livestock during the growing season. 

Meet the Specialist, Nancy Glazier

Last Modified: February 20, 2018
Meet the Specialist, Nancy Glazier

Meet Small Farms Specialist Nancy Glazier as she works with Peter Lehning and John Lehning, new beef producers. 

Five Major Concerns During Kidding and Lambing

Last Modified: February 12, 2018
Five Major Concerns During Kidding and Lambing

Livestock Specialist Ashley McFarland's first issue of The Livestock Journal covers lambing and kidding.  

Breeding Goats Out of Season

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: January 29, 2018
Breeding Goats Out of Season

This fact sheet fro Dr. tatiana Stanton, Cornell small ruminant specialist, provides an overview of common procedures used in dairy goats to induce them bred out of season. It then summarizes the results of observations from 2005 to 2007 for 13 Northeast US meat goat farms attempting to breed their meat goats out of season and describes the successful management practices used by some of the farms.


Dealing with Frostbite on Newborn Lambs and Kids

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: January 2, 2018
Dealing with Frostbite on Newborn Lambs and Kids

Frostbite can be more serious than just ear damage in a cold winter. 

Improved Meat Marketing for Small Scale Farms in the Northeast

Last Modified: October 6, 2017
Improved Meat Marketing for Small Scale Farms in the Northeast

Part 1. Understand the customer and their needs: Developing marketing strategy.

Labeling Guideline on Documentation Needed to Substantiate Animal Raising Claims

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: September 8, 2017
Labeling Guideline on Documentation Needed to Substantiate Animal Raising Claims

The Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) is the Agency in USDA with the responsibility for ensuring that the labeling of meat and poultry products is truthful and not misleading.

Creating an Optimal Promotional Strategy for your business

Last Modified: July 17, 2017
Creating an Optimal Promotional Strategy for your business

At some time or another, most businesses find themselves developing various types of promotions to stimulate sales. Promotions are rarely "one-off" occurrences rather they are a part of an overall company promotional strategy. Article by Debra Wood Perosio, Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management, Cornell University.

Decoding the Label: Know Your Beef Choices

Last Modified: May 10, 2017
Decoding the Label: Know Your Beef Choices

Check out the newly released fact sheet on types of beef production practices. 

Managing Spring Grass Growth and Selective Grazing

Last Modified: May 4, 2017
Managing Spring Grass Growth and Selective Grazing

For most beef cattle farmers who are managing their pastures in a rotational grazing system two of the biggest spring challenges are the flush of rapid growth that will occur and selective grazing. OSU Wayne Co. extension educator Rory Lewandowski reviews some basic plant growth biology and grazing principles that may suggest some management strategies. Click here for the full article. 

Forage Congress - Presentations

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: March 14, 2017
Forage Congress - Presentations

New to the NWNY Team's lineup this winter was Forage Congress at the Genesee River Restaurant and Reception Center in Mount Morris, NY.

This event covered timely topics recommended by the region's producers. The morning's session began with an overview of the cropping plan from the ground up, economics of high fiber digestibility, and new alfalfa varieties with quality grasses. The afternoon covered double cropping with winter triticale and options for properly storing silages. 

HPAI Identified in Tennessee

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: March 7, 2017
HPAI Identified in Tennessee

Now is the time to be diligent with biosecurity with your poultry flock with HPAI identified in the US.

Economic Benefits from Utilizing Cover Crops as Forage

Last Modified: December 21, 2016
Economic Benefits from Utilizing Cover Crops as Forage

Planting cover crops, then grazing or harvesting them, is a practical way to effectively reduce nutrient pollution,
plus provide economic benefits to cattle owners. Project conducted by the Practical Farmers of Iowa.

Deer Worm in Small Ruminants

Last Modified: December 20, 2016
Deer Worm in Small Ruminants

The purpose of this article is to familiarize goat and sheep farmers with 1) typical signs of deer worm infection and 2) potential treatments to discuss with your veterinarian. By Dr. tatiana Stanton, Cornell Univ. Small Ruminant Extension Specialist

New Video: "Determining the Market Readiness of Beef Cattle"

Last Modified: December 19, 2016
New Video:

Knowing when an animal is ready for 'finish' or 'slaughter' is extremely important for getting a premium price and satisfying the unique needs of your customers. The Cornell Small Farms Program and the Baskets to Pallets project are pleased to announce a new educational video for livestock producers titled, "Determining the Market Readiness of Beef Cattle". Mike Baker, Cornell Beef Cattle Extension Specialist, takes the viewer on a visual tour of features to assess of both finished and unfinished steers and heifers, including beef breeds and dairy crosses. The video will be an excellent resource for livestock farmers and educators alike. Special thanks to Mike Baker and Lynn Bliven of Allegany County Cornell Cooperative Extension. 

Pricing Corn Silage - Fall 2016

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: September 9, 2016
Pricing Corn Silage - Fall 2016

Summary
    • Analysis suggests corn silage price depends on corn silage quantities, alfalfa hay price, the price received by farmers for milk, and corn grain price.
    • Analysis for NY suggests that estimated corn silage price is most sensitive to corn silage quantities, alfalfa hay price and corn grain price.
    • Price estimates combined with understanding of relevant supply and demand factors from an individual farm business owner's perspective can aid decision making regarding corn silage price. Given most recently available alfalfa hay and corn grain prices (June 2016, and October, November 2016, respectively), price analysis for NY suggests an estimated corn silage price of about $60 per ton. The Fall 2015 estimate was about $50 per ton. 

Fall Forages

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: September 8, 2016
Fall Forages

Fall is coming, whether or not you have all your hay crops needed for the winter.

Commissioner Urges Swine Owners to use Best Practices to Prevent Disease Spread

Last Modified: August 23, 2016
Commissioner Urges Swine Owners to use Best Practices to Prevent Disease Spread

New York State Agriculture Commissioner Richard A. Ball today urged swine owners in New York to take proactive steps to prevent the spread of Swine Brucellosis (SB).
Click here for more information

Multispecies pastures show productivity, drought tolerant promise

Last Modified: July 28, 2016
Multispecies pastures show productivity, drought tolerant promise

R. Howard Skinner a physiological plant ecologist and member of the USDA-ARS-Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit. He's been looking into how to increase the amount of forage (grasses and plants that animals eat) pastures can grow.
Click here for the rest of the story.

Fall Feeding Decision Tools

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: July 22, 2016
Fall Feeding Decision Tools

Many farms in the Lake Plains and Finger Lakes Regions in New York have diminished forage supply for the feeding season we are about to enter. Drought conditions have challenged our production systems in 2016. Here are some tools to help with decision making.

Multi-State Salmonella Outbreak Linked to Backyard Chickens

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: July 22, 2016
Multi-State Salmonella Outbreak Linked to Backyard Chickens

Contact with live poultry and their environment can make people sick with Salmonella infections. Live poultry can be carrying Salmonella bacteria but appear healthy and clean and show no signs of illness. Follow these steps for protecting yourself and others while enjoying backyard poultry.

Summer Annual Forage Options

Last Modified: July 13, 2016

This factsheet was developed for Northern New York, but still is relevant in our area. 

Requirements for Selling Shell Eggs in New York State

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: July 7, 2016
Requirements for Selling Shell Eggs in New York State

The fact sheet is a great resource for the small egg producer. 

Grazing Management: Toxic Plants

Last Modified: May 12, 2016
Grazing Management: Toxic Plants

Annual forage crops grown in place of fallow can provide high-quality forage during key production periods and may help reduce soil erosion, suppress weeds, and increase soil nutrient profiles. Kansas State has put together this list. 

Holstein Market Cow Feeding Project

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: May 12, 2016
Holstein Market Cow Feeding Project

This report highlights a feeding study Cornell beef specialist Mike Baker and others conducted at Cornell's beef unit. 

Get Off to a Good Grazing Season Start!

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: April 12, 2016
Get Off to a Good Grazing Season Start!

The grazing season will soon be here. Start planning now for the grazing season, if you haven't already.

Crisis Planning for Your Dairy, Part 4

Joan Sinclair Petzen, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: March 23, 2016
Crisis Planning for Your Dairy, Part 4

Is your livestock enterprise prepared if the next attack on agriculture targets your farm as an example of alleged mistreatment of animals, environmental pollution or community group opposition, farm worker issues or an accidental injury or death? Any farm is vulnerable to being in the media spotlight at a moment's notice. Understanding and preparing for a crisis helps you to protect yourself, industry image and consumer confidence. A written on-farm crisis response plan can help your business to weather a storm of attention from the media or social media.

How to Respond to the Media in a Crisis, Part 3

Libby Eiholzer, Bilingual Dairy
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: March 23, 2016
How to Respond to the Media in a Crisis, Part 3

Imagine this: an animal rights activist group has released a video alleging animal abuse at your dairy farm (or a manure spill, farmworker abuse… insert crisis here). You have a few minutes to collect your thoughts before the phones start ringing off the hook with questions from media and requests for interviews. What do you do?

Is Your Farm Prepared For a Crisis? Part 1

Libby Eiholzer, Bilingual Dairy
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: March 23, 2016
Is Your Farm Prepared For a Crisis? Part 1

Are you ready for an undercover video to be released depicting animal abuse on your dairy farm? Who could be ready for that?

Preventing an Undercover Video Crisis at Your Farm, Part 2

Joan Sinclair Petzen, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: March 23, 2016
Preventing an Undercover Video Crisis at Your Farm, Part 2

"An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure." - Benjamin Franklin

Livestock farmers value their animals and work tirelessly to be certain they are well cared for. That being said, anyone in animal business today thinks about the remote possibility of their business being targeted and the horrific effect an undercover video being released about their animal handling practices might have. To take Franklin's advice, one must exercise caution in order to minimize the risk to their business of being the target of malicious exposure.

Entry Point Precision Ag Technology: Benefits & Costs for Decision Making

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: March 15, 2016
Entry Point Precision Ag Technology: Benefits & Costs for Decision Making

Two benefits attributed to auto steer mentioned frequently by producers and their advisors are reduced stress and reduced fatigue. Combine these benefits with expected favorable economic and financial impacts, and auto steer has the potential to be a beneficial change in practice for farmers, one that farmers will likely want to evaluate for their business.

March is Frost Seeding Time!

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: February 16, 2016
March is Frost Seeding Time!

March is usually a great time to add some legumes into your pastures or hayfields. It is a way to improve pastures without losing a production year. 

Introduction to MeatSuite

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: February 2, 2016

The meat marketing website, MeatSuite.com, has expanded across the state. MeatSuite.com is a free online directory of livestock farms selling meat in bulk quantities. MeatSuite is a project of Cornell Cooperative Extension Tompkins and Steuben Counties to promote direct, local, meat sales and is currently funded by the New York Farm Viability Institute.

Can value be added to Holstein bull calves?

Last Modified: December 9, 2015
Can value be added to Holstein bull calves?

With favorable market conditions, it can be profitable raising dairy beef. 

Feeder Calf Pool Sale Set, December 16

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: December 9, 2015
Feeder Calf Pool Sale Set, December 16

Two groups of producers, one in central NY and another in northern NY have come together to market their cattle cooperatively in hopes of building a reputation which over time will increase price of their feeder cattle.

Prevent Avian Influenza at Your Farm

Last Modified: November 10, 2015
Prevent Avian Influenza at Your Farm

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service has issued this fact sheet on biosecurity

Welcome to MeatSuite!

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: November 10, 2015
Welcome to MeatSuite!

MeatSuite.com is a free online directory of regional livestock farms selling meat in bulk quantities. 

Cornell Bull Test Sign-up is Underway

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: October 5, 2015
Cornell Bull Test Sign-up is Underway

Cornell All Forage Fed Bull Test is looking for a few good bulls. This will be the fourth year of the stored feed test; a new addition is an optional 84-day pasture component. 

Manure Injection vs. Surface Application

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: September 23, 2015
Manure Injection vs. Surface Application

Owners of dairy farm businesses face numerous challenges as they manage manure to meet financial, environmental, and other farm business objectives; trade-offs and conflicting objectives describe the situation. What is the expected change in profit associated with the change to manure injection from surface applicatin followed by incorporation?

Conservation Reserve Program - Grasslands

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: August 7, 2015

The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Grasslands is part of the CRP program, a federally funded voluntary program that contracts with agricultural producers so that environmentally sensitive agricultural land is not farmed or ranched, but instead used for conservation benefits.

Avian Influenza

Cathy Wallace, Administrative Assistant
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: April 14, 2015

USDA has confirmed Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in the U.S.


Apply Now for New Farmer Profit Teams

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: March 16, 2015
Apply Now for New Farmer Profit Teams

Do you need some decision support to improve profitability of the farm business after 3-9 years of running it? Farmers at this stage are often faced with critical decisions that determine the long-term viability of their operation.

Proposed FAA Drone Rules Released

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: February 24, 2015
Proposed FAA Drone Rules Released

On Sunday February 15th, 2015 the FAA released it's proposed rules for commercial unmanned aerial systems (UAS), commonly called drones, for public comment for 60 days. A summary can be found in the PDF below.

Winterizing Your Grazing Facilities

Last Modified: December 3, 2014
Winterizing Your Grazing Facilities

Yes, grazing season is over. Here are tips from Rob DeClue, SWCD Chenango County on preparing your grazing system for winter.

Barn Roof Snow Removal Do's and Don'ts

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: November 21, 2014

Snow piling up on your barn? Be sure to review how to safely remove it  before you climb up with your shovels.

Gov. Cuomo Announces New Farmer Grant

Last Modified: November 5, 2014

The New York State New Farmers Grant Fund was created to provide assistance to new and early stage farmers and encourage farming as a career path to sustain and grow agribusiness across New York State.

Cover Crops for Livestock Grazing

Last Modified: October 6, 2014
Cover Crops for Livestock Grazing

Penn State Extension Educator, Dave Hartman, writes soil conservation, nutrient sequestration, weed suppression, improved soil health, increased success with no-till, among others, are reasons why cover crop usage is increasing. 

Pate Visit a Success!

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: September 30, 2014
Pate Visit a Success!

The National Beef Quality Assurance program offered to assist with expenses to bring stockmanship expert Curt Pate to NY.

The Small Ruminant Toolbox

Last Modified: September 30, 2014
The Small Ruminant Toolbox

The Small Ruminant Toolbox includes many publications, presentations and other resources that will be helpful to small ruminant producers.

A Growing Opportunity for New York Angus Producers

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: September 10, 2014

A new marketing opportunity is available through Local Harvest to market Angus and Red Angus cattle.

Pricing for Your Farm Store

Last Modified: September 8, 2014

Kristen Park, Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management at Cornell University writes about how to go about pricing your farm products.

Cornell All Forage Fed Bull Test, Year 3

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: August 14, 2014
Cornell All Forage Fed Bull Test, Year 3

Cornell All Forage Fed Bull Test is expanding for Year 3.

GrassSnap, New App for Monitoring Grasslands

Last Modified: August 14, 2014
GrassSnap, New App for Monitoring Grasslands

GrassSnap makes checking grass as easy as checking salt or water!

USDA Helps New and Beginning Farmers

Last Modified: August 14, 2014

USDA continues its commitment to the future of agriculture by unveiling www.usda.gov/newfarmers, a one-stop shop for new and beginning farmers entering agriculture. It?s a practical, workable tool that will help farmers and ranchers of tomorrow tap into the range of USDA resources today. Featuring direct links to USDA programs and services, as well as case studies about how USDA support is being put to work to for America?s agriculture future, usda.gov/newfarmers is a welcome new resource.

It's Never Too Early to Begin Bull Development

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: July 29, 2014
It's Never Too Early to Begin Bull Development

I ran across some interesting journal articles working with the NY All Forage Fed Bull Test stressing the importance of good nutrition for bull development. It has been found that the first 2-6 months of age is a critical time period, an age that is usually overlooked. Significant herd improvements or declines can be made with the herd bull!

What Can High Beef Prices Do for Your Dairy?

Libby Eiholzer, Bilingual Dairy
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: July 25, 2014
What Can High Beef Prices Do for Your Dairy?

Dairy farmers are pretty happy right now with what they're getting for cull cows and bull calves. But can these strong beef prices help your dairy in other ways?

PEDv Resources for the Upcoming Fair Season

Last Modified: May 22, 2014
PEDv Resources for the Upcoming Fair Season

4-H staff has compiled this list of resources for the upcoming fair and show season.

USDA Grass Fed Program For Small and Very Small (SVS) Producers

Last Modified: May 22, 2014
USDA Grass Fed Program For Small and Very Small (SVS) Producers

The USDA is now offering lower-cost verification for 2-year certification.

Converting Hay Prices to Haylage Values

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: March 28, 2014
Converting Hay Prices to Haylage Values

When farmers are trying to give a dollar value to haylage they often use local hay prices on a dry matter basis and adjust for the dry matter (or moisture content) of the haylage. Download this PDF for more information and and example of how to calculate haylage values off of dry hay prices.

2014 NY All Forage Fed Bull Test

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: March 18, 2014
2014 NY All Forage Fed Bull Test

Here is the information for the second year of the bull test.

Pasture Recordkeeping Tools

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: March 18, 2014
Pasture Recordkeeping Tools

Graziers may find these tools useful for recordkeeping.

Need a Slaughterhouse?

Last Modified: February 19, 2014
Need a Slaughterhouse?

Need a Slaughterhouse? New Map Simplifies Search.

Marketing Beef Direct to Consumers

Last Modified: February 18, 2014
Marketing Beef Direct to Consumers

FAQs from Lynn Bliven, CE Allegany/Cattaraugus Counties.

PEDv: What does it mean for NY's Swine Producers?

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: February 17, 2014
PEDv: What does it mean for NY's Swine Producers?

Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea virus (PEDv) has arrived in New York with a vengeance.

Alfalfa Management Guide

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: February 7, 2014
Alfalfa Management Guide

Have a question about growing alfalfa? You will probably find the answer in "The Alfalfa Management Guide". This is a must have reference for anyone working with "the queen of forages".

Getting the Most Out of Your Manure Presentation

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: January 23, 2014
Getting the Most Out of Your Manure Presentation

There are many practical, cost-effective manure management practices can be adopted on farms of all sizes.

Malting Barley Nutrient Management

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: January 21, 2014
Malting Barley Nutrient Management

Presentation slides from Farmer Brewer Winter Weekend meeting January 18, 2014.

Cold Weather Tips

A. Fay Benson, Small Dairy Extension Educator
South Central New York Dairy & Field Crops

Last Modified: January 7, 2014

Review these tips for dealing with livestock in extremely cold weather.

Dealing with Extreme Winter Weather

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: January 7, 2014
Dealing with Extreme Winter Weather

When the temperatures drop it's important to take extra precautions needed to keep animals, machinery, and yourself warm and safe.

Apps for Ag

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: December 20, 2013

List of some apps for smartphone users.

Annual Farm Business Summary and Analysis Season Is Right Around The Corner

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: December 2, 2013

  • Sound financial planning and control are keys to successfully managing agricultural risks.
  • The next few months present good opportunities to evaluate your business' financial management practices.
  • The NWNY Dairy, Livestock, and Field Crops Program has the capacity to work with a variety producers as they seek to improve their business' financial management practices.

2014 NRCS EQIP Sign-up

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: November 4, 2013
2014 NRCS EQIP Sign-up

For more information about 2014 EQIP applications download these PDFs.

Pricing Corn Silage - Fall 2013

John Hanchar, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: September 23, 2013
Pricing Corn Silage - Fall 2013

Empirical price analysis suggests that corn silage price is a function of corn silage quantities, alfalfa hay price, the price received by farmers for milk sold, and corn grain price. Given most recently available alfalfa hay and corn grain prices (August, and September/October 2013, respectively) and other factors (corn silage quantity and milk price) fixed at average levels for the period 1991 through 2010 price analysis suggests an estimated corn silage price of about $42 per ton.

Which cows to cull?

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: September 3, 2013

Fall is the time to finalize your decision on which cows should be culled from the herd.

Beef Cattle Working Facility Components

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: August 30, 2013

This fact sheet from Dr. Mike Baker, Beef Cattle Extension Specialist, covers the minimum components needed for a handling system.

Dr. Temple Grandin's Web Page

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: August 30, 2013

Dr. Temple Grandin is one of the leading experts on livestock behavior and welfare. http://www.grandin.com/

Guide to Marketing Channel Selection

Joan Sinclair Petzen, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: August 30, 2013

Market channel selection is as important as production decisions for the small to medium sized fruit and vegetable operation. The new "Guide to Marketing Channels" is a decision-making aid for new farmers and for those considering marketing through a new channel. The guide focuses on the marketing of fresh-market produce, however many of the marketing principles apply other agricultural products such as cut flowers, meats, honey, maple syrup, and dairy products. While generalizations are made about the channels, exact details are subject to conditions with individual farms, their location, potential customer base size, and other factors. 

How Do I Market My Meat Products?

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: August 30, 2013
How Do I Market My Meat Products?

The article provides some strategies to target your marketing efforts.

Organic and Alternative Livestock Production Systems

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: August 30, 2013

Need some additional resources for managing organic pastures, hay, and silage for your livestock?

Organic Livestock

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: August 30, 2013

Organic production is one option for livestock farms. Here's a link to the University of Florida's Small Farms & Alternative Enterprises website. http://smallfarms.ifas.ufl.edu/organic_production/organic_livestock.html

Resource Guide to Direct Marketing Livestock and Poultry

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: August 30, 2013

One of the most challenging parts of farming is the marketing piece. This guide provides useful information on getting started.

Ag Alternatives - Beef Cow-Calf Production

Joan Sinclair Petzen, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: July 5, 2013

The beef cow-calf business is well adapted to small-scale and part-time farmers who have land suitable for pasture and hay production. Included are two sample beef cow-calf budgets.

Cow Behavior in English

Libby Eiholzer, Bilingual Dairy
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: July 1, 2013

Cow Behavior in English from the Babcock Institute.

FISA - A complete set of financial statements for agriculture

Joan Sinclair Petzen, Farm Business Management
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: July 1, 2013

This is an Excel 5.0 spreadsheet for calculating financial statements for agriculture. It includes a beginning of year (end of last year) balance sheet, end of year (end of this year) balance sheet, income statement, statement of owner equity, statement of cash flows and ratio analysis. The program is designed to allow single entry of data, it automatically does the transposition of data from one statement to the next and does nearly all the calculations. These statements are designed to be consistent with the recommendations of the Farm Financial Standards Council (FFSC). Thus, the statements include deferred taxes, base values for raised breeding livestock, the "sweet sixteen" financial ratios and the other characteristics embedded in the FFSC guidelines. The statements are intended for use with any type of farm business. Space is allowed for nonfarm assets and income because they are often important to lenders and others using the statements. However, the farm business part of the statement is separate from the non-farm section so that nonfarm assets can be ignored if desired. Each of the four basic financial statements is presented on one page with detailed information on supporting schedules. Thus, the summary financial performance and position of a business can be found on five sheets of paper (including two balance sheets).

Backyard Poultry 101

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 27, 2013

This article provides an overview of small-scale poultry production.

Beef Production 101

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 27, 2013

This is a Powerpoint presentation provides an overview of raising beef from Dr. Mike Baker, Cornell Beef Cattle Extension Specialist. Includes information on breed selection, feeding, animal behavior, and budgeting.

Beef Quality Assurance Program

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 27, 2013

Thoughtful, responsible cattle management. NY's page for the national program.

Cornell University Beef Cattle Management

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 27, 2013

Here's a link to Cornell's Beef Website.

Cornell University Goat Management

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 27, 2013

Here's the link to Cornell's Goat website.

Cornell University Sheep Program

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 27, 2013

Cornell's Sheep Program

Dr. Temple Grandin's Website

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 27, 2013

An integral part of livestock production is handling. Check out this link for lots of excellent information.

Empire State Meat Goat Producers Association

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 27, 2013

The meat goat producers group.

Goats: Sustainable Production Overview, ATTRA

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 27, 2013

Goat production can be a valuable part of a sustainable farm. This publication provides fundamental information relevant to all goats, especially about feeding, reproduction, and health. An extensive resource list is included.

Grazing Management Pays Net Profit, Even On Small Farms

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 27, 2013

Pasture in poor condition can support cattle and sometimes make a profit but that doesn't mean better pasture isn't better.

Great Lakes Dairy Sheep Symposium

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 27, 2013

University of Wisconsin resources for Dairy Sheep

Managing Kidding and Lambing

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 27, 2013

Dr. Mary Smith offers information for kidding and lambing.

Niche/Ethnic Pork Production

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 27, 2013

Niche marketing is targeting a product or service to a small market segment that is not being served or in which demand has not exceeded supply. A market niche can be identified as a geographical area, a specific industry, ethnic group or a particular age group. An ethnic market is a group of consumers that share a common cultural background. The increasingly diverse U.S. population offers pork producers several marketing niches to pursue.

NY Beef Producers Association

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 27, 2013

Here is the link to the beef producers association website.

NY Pork Producers Cooperative

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 27, 2013

Resources for pork producers.

On Farm Poultry Processing Guidelines

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 27, 2013

A Small Farms program guide to assist with processing.

Outdoor Pig Production

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 27, 2013

By Iowa State University and the Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture - This series of publications will offer specific information on alternatives to current industry trends for producing hogs. This first installment describes outdoor alternatives for raising swine.

Profitable Pasture: Raising Birds on Pasture

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 27, 2013

The article from SARE features farmer experiences plus the latest research in a guide to raising chickens and turkeys using pens, movable fencing and pastures. With original ideas for marketing poultry products and a page of additional, expert resources, this 16-page bulletin offers a jumping-off point for new producers. Revised in 2012.

Sandhills Calving System - Not Just for Beef

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 27, 2013

Here is an article on calving based on the Sandhills Calving System.

Sheep Safety and Quality Assurance Program

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 27, 2013

Online resources for the SSQA program.

University of Maryland Sheep and Goat

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 27, 2013

Below is the link to Maryland's resources.

Breeds of Livestock

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 14, 2013

When it comes to raising livestock there are countless breeds to have on your farm. If you are just curious about a rare breed or wanting more information about a well-known one, check out Oklahoma State University's webpage.

Designing Water Systems for Livestock

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 14, 2013

Having enough clean fresh water available to livestock is a key part of a successful operation. To find out more about this topic read:

Livestock Fencing

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 14, 2013

Whether you are starting a farm or have seen it all when it comes to fencing, the following Extension documents are great resources to check out:

Livestock Housing

Bill Verbeten, Field Crops
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 14, 2013

While livestock animals originally lived out in the elements, having shelter is benefit and at times a necessity on modern livestock farms.

Animal Welfare: What is it?

Libby Eiholzer, Bilingual Dairy
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 5, 2013

Animal Welfare presentation in English and Spanish

How Do I Find Alternative Water on My Farm?

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: March 1, 2013
How Do I Find Alternative Water on My Farm?

"Water, water, everywhere, And all the boards did shrink.
Water, water everywhere, Nor any drop to drink."



Dairy

Dairy

Livestock

Livestock

Grazing

Grazing

Forages

Forages

Grains

Grains

calendar of events

Upcoming Events

Wyoming County Farmland Protection Informational Seminars

March 12 - March 30, 2019
Two Dates/Times: Thursday, Mar 21st, 7-9 p.m. & Saturday, March 30th, 10 a.m. - 12 p.m.
Warsaw, NY

Wyoming County Agriculture and Farmland Protection Board (WCAFPB) will accept pre-applications from farmland owners for the next round of New York State purchase of development rights (PDR) grants through May 3, 2019 at 3:00 pm. All owners of farms interested in applying must attend an informational seminar. Landowners can attend on either Thursday, March 21, 7:00 pm to 9:00 pm or Saturday, March 30, 10:00 am to 12:00 pm.At the seminars, Genesee Valley Conservancy (GVC) Farmland Protection Specialist David Bojanowski will discuss PDR, Conservation Easements, New York State PDR Grant Program, an example PDR Project and landowner considerations when considering farmland protection. Cornell Cooperative Extension's (CCE) Joan Sinclair Petzen will share information about the Wyoming County Context for Farmland Protection and Wyoming County's Farmland Protection Pre-Application Process.  
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Internal Parasites in Sheep & Goats IPM/FAMACHA Workshop, Pre-Register by 3/28

March 30, 2019
9:45 a.m. - 4:00 p.m.
Naples, NY

Internal parasites are one of the biggest health problems affecting goats and sheep in the Northeast. Dewormer resistance is becoming commonplace. As a result, producers need to know how best to manage parasites. In this workshop, producers will learn the basics of parasite control as well as how to develop integrated parasite management programs for their farms. We will also provide hands-on training on how to use the FAMACHA Anemia Card (good only for the barber pole worm) as part of a 5-point check to determine which animals in your herd or flock most likely need deworming. This workshop will also include hands-on training on doing fecal egg counts. You are welcome to bring a refrigerated fecal sample of 8 to 10 fecal pellets from one sheep or goat at your farm to the workshop.
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2019 Worker Protection Standard Training & DEC Special Permit Training (Wayne County)

April 9, 2019
8:30 AM - 12:30 PM English Session / 1:00 PM - 5:00 PM Spanish Session
Newark, NY

Just like last year, Special Permits (SP) will only be issued for 11 specific pesticide labels and SP trainees will have to pass a test. This will relieve the certified pesticide applicator from "on-site within voice contact" supervision of non-certified pesticide applicators when they are handling federally-restricted-use pesticides for which they hold a Special Permit. The labels that will be covered include Lorsban Advanced, Endigo ZC, Warrior II with Zeon Technology, Agri-Mek SC, Beseige, Gramoxone SL 2.0, Leverage 360, Danitol 2.4EC, Mustang Maxx, Asana XL, and Lannate LV.

New York DEC notes that the Special Permit process is intended for farm workers with English language skills that are not adequate to pass the DEC private applicators exam. All others are encouraged to apply for their private applicator's license via taking the certification exam.

Certified Supervisors are required to attend the first 30 minutes of training. 

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Announcements

Producers Previously Enrolled in the LGM Program Now Eligible for MPP

Dairy Producers Previously Enrolled in the Livestock Gross Margin Program Now Eligible for 2018 Margin Protection Program
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) today announced that dairy producers who elected to participate in the Livestock Gross Margin for Dairy Cattle Program (LGM-Dairy) now have the opportunity to participate in the Margin Protection Program for Dairy (MPP-Dairy) for 2018 coverage. Sign-up will take place March 25 through May 10, 2019.
Eligible producers can enroll during the sign-up period at their local USDA service center. To locate your office, visit farmers.gov.


Smart Farming Team Technical Assistance Grant Application

The Labor Ready Farmer Project is offering grants to provide up to 12 hours of Technical Assistance (TA) consulting services to farms who want to make improvements to their farm's processes in hiring, training, managing or evaluating employees. Applicants will choose from one of the following four areas for TA assistance and identify a specific project. If selected they will be matched with a "Smart Farming Team" of consultants who will provide one on one technical assistance.
  • HIRING EMPLOYEES 101 - GETTING OFF TO A GOOD START
  • ONBOARDING & TRAINING EMPLOYEES QUICKLY AND EFFECTIVELY
  • FINE-TUNING & IMPROVING THE WORKING ENVIRONMENT
  • H2-A READINESS
Please complete this application and send to Nicole Waters, Beginning Farm Project Coordinator for the Cornell Small Farms Program. The form can be submitted by email, mail or in-person at the address listed below. Please feel free to call or email with any questions.

Nicole Waters - Beginning Farmer Project Coordinator
Plant Science Building, Room 15b
Tower Road, Cornell University
Ithaca, NY 14853
Phone: 607-255-9911
Email: nw42@cornell.edu

Applications accepted on a rolling basis.



USDA Announces January Income over Feed Cost Margin Triggers First 2019 Dairy Sa

WASHINGTON, March 6, 2019 ? The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Farm Service Agency (FSA) announced this week that the January 2019 income over feed cost margin was $7.99 per hundredweight, triggering the first payment for eligible dairy producers who purchase the appropriate level of coverage under the new but yet-to-be established Dairy Margin Coverage (DMC) program.

DMC, which replaces the Margin Protection Program for Dairy, is a voluntary risk management program for dairy producers that was authorized by the 2018 Farm Bill. DMC offers protection to dairy producers when the difference between the all milk price and the average feed cost (the margin) falls below a certain dollar amount selected by the producer.

Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue announced last week that sign up for 
DMC will open by mid-June of this year. At the time of sign up, producers who elect a DMC coverage level between $8.00 and $9.50 would be eligible for a payment for January 2019.

For example, a dairy operation with an established production history of 3 million pounds (30,000 cwt.) that elects the $9.50 coverage level for 50 percent of its production could potentially be eligible to receive $1,887.50 for January.

Sample calculation:
$9.50 - $7.99 margin = $1.51 difference
$1.51 times 50 percent of production times 2,500 cwt. (30,000 cwt./12) = $1,887.50

The calculated annual premium for coverage at $9.50 on 50 percent of a 3-million-pound production history for this example would be $2,250.

Sample calculation:
3,000,000 times 50 percent = 1,500,000/100 = 15,000 cwt. times 0.150 premium fee = $2,250

Operations making a one-time election to participate in DMC through 2023 are eligible to receive a 25 percent discount on their premium for the existing margin coverage rates.

"Congress created the Dairy Margin Coverage program to provide an important financial safety net for dairy producers, helping them weather shifting milk and feed prices," FSA Administrator Richard Fordyce said. "This program builds on the previous Margin Protection Program for Dairy, carrying forward many of the program upgrades made last year based on feedback from producers. We're working diligently to implement the DMC program and other FSA programs authorized by the 2018 Farm Bill."

Additional details about DMC and other FSA farm bill program changes can be found at farmers.gov/farmbill.


Wyo. Co. Pesticide Applicator Training Session and Re-certification course

Cornell Cooperative Extension of Wyoming County is offering a pesticide applicator training session and re-certification course on Thursday, April 4, 2019 from 8:15 AM to 12:15 PM at the Wyoming County Agriculture and Business Center. This session is geared for individuals planning to take the Core and Category Pesticide Certification Exam specific to the focus of their work. If applying for Core Re-certification credits, you must bring your Pesticide Certification ID card with you. This session will carry 3.50 Core Re-Certification Credits. This course is open to those seeking Private or Commercial Category Pesticide Applicator Certification.
1. Individual responsibilities with Cornell Cooperative Extension 
A. Please pre-register with Cornell Cooperative Extension of Wyoming County for the training session only, by calling Don Gasiewicz at 585-786-2251 x113 or emailing him at drg35@cornell.edu.There is a $20 fee for extension enrollees and a $30 fee for non-enrollees. Any questions regarding the certification class can be directed to Don as well. 
B. You need to purchase the required training manual(s) from the CCE office. Manuals for all categories must be ordered through CCE. Once you know which manual(s) you need, contact Don to purchase and/or order. Questions regarding which manual(s) you may need to order, must be directed the NYSDEC at 716-851-7220 
2. Individual responsibilities with New York State DEC 
A. DEC Pesticides Test. The pesticide exam is conducted by the DEC and is held at the Wyoming County Agriculture and Business Center on Thursday, April 4, 2019 at 1:00 PM for your convenience. 
B. NYSDEC requires advance registration to be eligible to take the certification exam. If you are planning to take the exam, you must first call the NYSDEC Pesticide Division at 716-851-7220 to discuss eligibility. 
C. If you are eligible, DEC will send you an exam packet, which you must fill out and return to them with your examination fee of $100. You must be pre-registered with DEC to take the exam. No walk-ins will be allowed. All questions regarding your certification should be directed to the DEC. Click here for flyer.


New Guidance for Mortality Disposal Issued

NYS Department of Ag and Markets has posted guidelines on disposal of livestock carcasses, in response to reports that some rendering companies have halted pickups from farms.

https://nwnyteam.cce.cornell.edu/submission.php?id=761&crumb=dairy|1

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