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Clean Milk Benefits People and Calves

Libby Eiholzer, Bilingual Dairy
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

June 5, 2013

Anyone who handles milk on the farm needs to take pains to keep it clean. Whether the milk will be sold for human consumption or fed to calves, it needs to be handled with the utmost care.

Why is this so important? Infections such as salmonella, mycoplasma and E. coli can be transmitted from cow to calf through manure as well as through milk, resulting in a very sick calf. Although milk sold commercially is always pasteurized for human consumption, milk cooperatives put a big emphasis on keeping it clean. Part of the quality bonus that farms can receive is based on milk testing below a certain level for bacteria counts.

So how do we keep it clean? First, by keeping the cow's environment clean: maintaining stalls free from manure and adequately bedded is a must, as well as regularly scraping alleys. Pre and post dipping teats during milking kills bacteria on the teats before milking and protects the teat opening after milking. It is also important to check the wash system in the parlor routinely to make sure that every surface that the milk touches, from the teat to the bulk tank, is being adequately disinfected. Utilizing these practices will help ensure the milk sold by the farm is high quality.

Cool the colostrum and milk fed to calves quickly to prevent bacteria growth- it only takes 30 minutes for the bacteria population to double in a pail of milk at room temperature! After feeding calves, wash all pails, bottles, nipples, etc. thoroughly using detergent, bleach and an acid rinse. All three must be used to avoid leaving a film of milk on the pail, which would create the perfect growing environment for bacteria. Let these tools air dry until the next feeding.

Clean Milk Leche Limpia
Clean the stalls and alleys  Limpie las camas y los pasillos
Clean the teats  Limpie los pezones
Put colostrum in the refrigerator  Ponga el calostro en la refrigeradora
Wash the bottle Lave la botella
Let the pail air dry Deje que la cubeta se seque al aire

For more information on keeping colostrum clean, visit: calffacts

Leche Limpia Beneficia a la Gente y los Becerros

Todas las personas que tocan leche en la granja tienen que hacer lo necesario para mantenerla limpia. Si van a vender la leche por consumo humano o si la van a dar de comer a los becerros, hay que utilizar mucha precaucion.

¿Por qué es tan importante? Infecciones como la salmonela, la micoplasma y E. coli pueden ser transmitidos de la vaca al becerro tras el estiércol y también por la leche, lo que resulta en un becerro muy enfermo. Aunque siempre pasteurizan la leche vendida comercialmente para el consumo humano, las cooperativas ponen una énfasis muy fuerte en mantenerla limpia. Una parte del bono para la calidad que las granjas pueden recibir está basado en que la leche resulta con niveles de bacteria debajo de un cierto nivel.

¿Cómo la mantenemos limpia? Primero por mantener limpio el medioambiente de la vaca: mantener las camas libres de estiércol y con bastante aserrín o arena es necesario, igual que limpiar regularmente los pasillos. Pre y post sellar los pezones durante el ordeño mata las bacterias en los pezones antes de ordeñar y protege la punta del pezón después del ordeño. También es importante revisar regularmente el sistema de lavar en la sala de ordeña para estar seguro que cada superficie que toque la leche, desde la teta hasta el tanque, se está desinfectando adecuadamente. Utilizar estas prácticas puede ayudar a asegurar que la leche vendida por la granja es de alta calidad.

Enfríe rápidamente el calostro y leche que van a dar de comer a los becerros para prevenir el crecimiento de bacteria- ¡la población de bacteria en una cubeta de leche dobla en 30 minutos a temperatura ambiente! Después de alimentar a los becerros, lave todas las cubetas, botellas, pezones, etc. con detergente, cloro y un enjuague acido. Hay que usar los tres para prevenir que una capa de leche se forme en la cubeta, lo que sería el ambiente perfecto para el crecimiento de bacteria. Deje que se sequen al aire estas herramientas hasta usarlos en la próxima alimentación.

Para más información sobre cómo mantener limpio el calostro, vaya al sitio: calffacts











calendar of events

Upcoming Events

Weed Resistance Management Demonstration and Plot Tour

Event Offers DEC Credits

July 23, 2019
1:00 - 3:00 p.m.
Waterloo, NY

Come join us on July 23 in Seneca County at Quinten Good's farm for a demonstration and walking tour of 16 different pre- and post-emergence treatments in soybean and 12 different treatments and combinations in corn.
  • Tall waterhemp and marestail are two weeds that are resistant to glyphosate and ALS herbicide modes of action in the WNY and Finger Lakes regions.
  • Each year the number of acres with resistant weed populations expands.
  • For herbicides to be an effective tool in weed management, we have to know what chemistries & application timings are most effective against these resistant weeds.

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Income and Real Property Tax Primer-A Learning Circle for Women Non-Operating Land Owners of Ag Land

July 24, 2019
9:00 am - 3:00 pm
Portageville, NY

For many of us taxes can be a mystery, let's have a conversation with the experts about the tax considerations agricultural landowners need to think about. 
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Pasture Walk with the Finger Lakes Graziers-Cancelled!

July 29, 2019
12:45 - 4 pm

The Finger Lakes Graziers pasture walk has been cancelled due to some scheduling conflicts. 
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RMA Announces Additional One-time Changes to Prevented Planting Provisions

June 29, 2019

RMA Announces Additional One-time Changes to Prevented Planting Provisions
for 2019 Crop Year

In response to delayed and prevented planting resulting from above average rainfall and wetness, the USDA Risk Management Agency has made a one-time change to the 2019 crop year prevented planting rules that effectively allows silage corn, if planted as a cover crop following local agricultural expert guidelines, to be acceptable as a post-prevented planting cover crop. Under this one-time rule change, producers are allowed to produce this crop while retaining their prevented planting payment. This change couples with previously announced one-time changes to the prevented planting rules - including expanded acceptable uses for post-prevented planting cover crops and a change in the cover crop haying and grazing start date rule - serve to help those struggling to meet their forage needs due to the weather.

Read the full article from the New York Crop Insurance Education Program.

The USDA-RMA states that "For crop insurance purposes, a cover crop is a crop generally recognized by agricultural experts as agronomically sound for the area for erosion control or other purposes related to conservation or soil improvement." PRO-DAIRY specialists Joe Lawrence and Karl Czymmek and Dr. Quirine Ketterings, Professor and Director of Cornell Nutrient Management Spear Program have released a letter stating "Corn on Prevented Planting acres meets these objectives."

New Guidance for Mortality Disposal Issued

NYS Department of Ag and Markets has posted guidelines on disposal of livestock carcasses, in response to reports that some rendering companies have halted pickups from farms.|1