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PEDv: What does it mean for NY's Swine Producers?

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms & Livestock
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

February 17, 2014
PEDv: What does it mean for NY's Swine Producers?

Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea virus (PEDv) has arrived in New York with a vengeance. I received first notice of an infected farrowing operation in early February. Soon after, I discovered the outbreak was much more widespread. The virus was somehow introduced from Asia in multiple locations, was officially identified in the United States in May, 2013. It has killed an estimated 4 million pigs since its introduction. 
Clinical signs are severe diarrhea in pigs of all ages and vomiting. High mortality is associated with the virus, nearly 100% in pre-weaned pigs. Transmission occurs orally through contact with contaminated feces. Incubation period is 12-24 hours with shedding (amount of time animals can infect others) up to 3-4 weeks. There is no vaccine available at this time. 
This is a scenario posted to the www.aasv.org website: The oldest piglets in farrowing started scouring on a Saturday. The next oldest rooms were scouring on Sunday. By Monday, 100% of piglets in far-rowing were scouring and sows in lactation were going off feed. On Tuesday, piglet mortality in-creased to 10x normal daily losses which continued for approximately one week. Piglets were scouring a yellow, watery scour. They tried to nurse but sows were drying up. Piglets were lined up at the water nipples. Piglets started scouring at 12-24 hours after birth. Piglets would survive until approximately day 3 or 4 unless they were humanely euthanized before then. 
What can be done to decrease the chance of your herd becoming infected? The first step - a big one - review and tighten your biosecurity protocols, small and large herds alike. Pay attention to anything or anyone coming out of state or from another farm. Be especially diligent about employees, family and visitors but also consider supplies, feed ingredients, food items, etc. that might contaminate the herd. There is concern that some creep feed may have been contaminated. 
Additional biosecurity recommendations should include:
  • limiting traffic (people and equipment) onto the farm, 
  • thoroughly cleaning and disinfecting anything coming onto the farm. The virus is susceptible to a number of common disinfectants including: Virkon S, Clorox, 1 Stroke Environ, and Tek-Trol, some potent disinfectants. Contact time it critical for any disinfectant; you need to apply it as a soap and leave it sit before rinsing or better yet apply it as an after-washing post-rinse. This goes for boots, truck tires, shovels, buckets, etc.
  • enforcing downtime requirements and maintaining a log of visitors, 
  • taking care when disposing of dead stock particularly if using a communal disposal method, 
  • isolating newly arriving animals and continuing vet to vet discussions about animal health at the herd of origin, and 
  • showering into the facility where practical and changing into clean boots and coveralls (veterinarians should also be careful not to track the virus between herds on their person, equipment or vehicles) 
To help with the education regarding PEDv, the New York Pork Producers will be hosting their annual meeting March 22 at the Holiday Inn in Waterloo. Registration begins at 9 am. To register, contact Krista Jaskier at 716.697.3031 or info@newyorkpork.org
NY Ag & Markets has a fact sheet posted here: http://www.agriculture.ny.gov/AI/PEDV_Outreach.pdfResources for this article were found at websites below. For more information, visit: http://www.aasv.org/aasv%20website/Resources/Diseases/PorcineEpidemicDiarrhea.php, the website for the American Association of Swine Veterinarians. Information is continually updated when it becomes available.http://www.pork.org/Research/2641/ResearchLatestNews.aspx#.Uv1YLfldUrV. The Pork Checkoff site has lots of information on current research and available resources.


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calendar of events

Upcoming Events

Dairy Cattle Summer Research Update

July 18, 2019
7:00-9:00pm
Batavia, NY

After the day's work is done, come hear about two new research trials conducted by Julio Giordano's lab:
  • Strategies for improving dairy cattle reproductive performance and economics
  • Using automated sensors for improving dairy cattle health monitoring and management

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Weed Resistance Management Demonstration and Plot Tour

Event Offers DEC Credits

July 23, 2019
1:00 - 3:00 p.m.
Waterloo, NY

Come join us on July 23 in Seneca County at Quinten Good's farm for a demonstration and walking tour of 16 different pre- and post-emergence treatments in soybean and 12 different treatments and combinations in corn.
  • Tall waterhemp and marestail are two weeds that are resistant to glyphosate and ALS herbicide modes of action in the WNY and Finger Lakes regions.
  • Each year the number of acres with resistant weed populations expands.
  • For herbicides to be an effective tool in weed management, we have to know what chemistries & application timings are most effective against these resistant weeds.

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Pasture Walk with the Finger Lakes Graziers

July 29, 2019
12:45 - 4 pm
Waterloo, NY

Join the Finger Lakes Graziers on a pasture walk and learn about soil health. 
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Announcements

USDA Announces New Decision Tool for New Dairy Margin Coverage Program

WASHINGTON, April 30, 2019 ? Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue announced today the availability of a new web-based tool - developed in partnership with the University of Wisconsin - to help dairy producers evaluate various scenarios using different coverage levels through the new Dairy Margin Coverage (DMC) program.

The 2018 Farm Bill authorized
DMC, a voluntary risk management program that offers financial protection to dairy producers when the difference between the all milk price and the average feed cost (the margin) falls below a certain dollar amount selected by the producer. It replaces the program previously known as the Margin Protection Program for Dairy. Sign up for this USDA Farm Service Agency (FSA) program opens on June 17.

"With sign-up for the
DMC program just weeks away, we encourage producers to use this new support tool to help make decisions on participation in the program," Secretary Perdue said. "Dairy producers have faced tough challenges over the years, but the DMC program should help producers better weather the ups and downs in the industry."

The University of Wisconsin launched the decision support tool in cooperation with FSA and funded through a cooperative agreement with the USDA Office of the Chief Economist. The tool was designed to help producers determine the level of coverage under a variety of conditions that will provide them with the strongest financial safety net. It allows farmers to simplify their coverage level selection by combining operation data and other key variables to calculate coverage needs based on price projections.

The decision tool assists producers with calculating total premiums costs and administrative fees associated with participation in
DMC. It also forecasts payments that will be made during the coverage year.

"
The new Dairy Margin Coverage program offers very appealing options for all dairy farmers to reduce their net income risk due to volatility in milk or feed prices," said Dr. Mark Stephenson, Director of Dairy Policy Analysis, University of Wisconsin, Madison. "Higher coverage levels, monthly payments, and more flexible production coverage options are especially helpful for the sizable majority of farms who can cover much of their milk production with the new five million pound maximum for Tier 1 premiums. This program deserves the careful consideration of all dairy farmers."

For more information, access the tool at fsa.usda.gov/dmc-tool. For
DMC sign up, eligibility and related program information, visit fsa.usda.gov or contact your local USDA Service Center. To locate your local FSA office, visit farmers.gov/service-locator.


New Guidance for Mortality Disposal Issued

NYS Department of Ag and Markets has posted guidelines on disposal of livestock carcasses, in response to reports that some rendering companies have halted pickups from farms.

https://nwnyteam.cce.cornell.edu/submission.php?id=761&crumb=dairy|1

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