Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops Enrollment

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Increasing Milking Frequency and Udder health

Jackson Wright, Dairy
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

April 2, 2012
Increasing Milking Frequency and Udder health

Intuitively one would suspect that because frequent milking increases exposure to the mechanical forces applied during milking it also would increase the occurrence of "inverted" teat ends, or teat end hyperkeratosis, and risk for clinical mastitis. However, when considering the effects of frequent milking on udder health one should recognize that teat end hyperkeratosis is probably a natural response to milking as some degree of teat end hyperkeratosis occurs in a significant proportion of animals in all herds. Moreover, only very severe teat end hyperkeratosis is associated with an increased risk of clinical mastitis and mild to moderate teat end hyperkeratosis actually decreases the risk for SCC >199,000 cells/mL when compared with "normal" teat ends.

Maybe more importantly, previous reports investigating the effects of increasing milking frequency during early lactation have indicated that frequent milking has either no effect on SCC or even decreases SCC. In addition, when comparing a traditional 2X/d milking to cows on automated milking systems, animals on automated milking systems often visit the robot more frequently without exhibiting an increase in teat end hyperkeratosis.

Finally, when considering the effects of frequent milking on udder health, remember that when calves are allowed to nurse they feed an average of 7 times per day for over 45 min/d. Therefore, management strategies such as 3X or 4X milking during early lactation appear mild at best when compared to the natural feeding interval of the calf. What appears to be a more important factor than milking frequency on teat end health is proper maintenance of the milking equipment. This includes ensuring that vacuum pressure is correct and that the automatic take-offs are set on a moderate setting to prevent over-milking.


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calendar of events

Upcoming Events

Pasture Walk - Wild Geese Farm - Franklinville, NY

August 21, 2019
5:30pm - 8:30pm
Fanklinville, NY

Topics to include: Tools for Managing Rotational Grazed Pasture, Weed ID and Management and Calculating Cost of Production. 
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Bovine Reproduction and AI Training Course

September 24 - September 25, 2019
9:30am - 3:30pm
Shortsville, NY

This two-day AI workshop will be held on September 24 and 25. 

Topics covered will include:

• Reproductive Physiology
• Synchronization Protocols
• Heat Detection
• Artificial Insemination
• Proper Thawing of Semen
• Loading A.I. guns
• Practice Breeding Cows

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Corn Congress - Batavia Location

Event Offers DEC Credits

January 8, 2020
10:00 a.m. - 3:00 p.m.
Batavia, NY

Please join the NWNY Dairy, Livestock and Field Crop Program's team for our annual Corn Congress.  DEC re-certification points and Certified Crop Adviser credits available, so bring your picture ID.  Lunch is included.  Hear from program-related professionals and visit with our sponsoring vendors.  
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Announcements

2019 NY Corn & Soybean Yield Contests - Entries Due 8/30/19

The annual corn and soybean yield contests sponsored by the New York Corn & Soybean Growers Association are underway. Click Here for the 2019 yield contest entry form.  This form and contest rules can also be found on the NY Corn & Soybean Growers Association web page at: https://nycornsoy.org/ 

Entry forms must be postmarked by Friday, August 30 and mailed or emailed to Mike Stanyard. Cost is $30 per entry. Good Luck! 


Preventing Sexual Harassment on Farms

If you're wondering how to get your farm business in compliance with NYS Sexual Harassment Regulations, you've come to the right place.  This is a recording of the presentations given at the live training on July 30 and July 31, 2019 across New York State, which provides updates and farm-specific resources developed by CCE. View the recording here: https://youtu.be/_1IjmAj1Nb8.

RMA Announces Additional One-time Changes to Prevented Planting Provisions

June 29, 2019

RMA Announces Additional One-time Changes to Prevented Planting Provisions
for 2019 Crop Year

In response to delayed and prevented planting resulting from above average rainfall and wetness, the USDA Risk Management Agency has made a one-time change to the 2019 crop year prevented planting rules that effectively allows silage corn, if planted as a cover crop following local agricultural expert guidelines, to be acceptable as a post-prevented planting cover crop. Under this one-time rule change, producers are allowed to produce this crop while retaining their prevented planting payment. This change couples with previously announced one-time changes to the prevented planting rules - including expanded acceptable uses for post-prevented planting cover crops and a change in the cover crop haying and grazing start date rule - serve to help those struggling to meet their forage needs due to the weather.

Read the full article from the New York Crop Insurance Education Program.

The USDA-RMA states that "For crop insurance purposes, a cover crop is a crop generally recognized by agricultural experts as agronomically sound for the area for erosion control or other purposes related to conservation or soil improvement." PRO-DAIRY specialists Joe Lawrence and Karl Czymmek and Dr. Quirine Ketterings, Professor and Director of Cornell Nutrient Management Spear Program have released a letter stating "Corn on Prevented Planting acres meets these objectives."


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