Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops Enrollment

Program Areas

  • Dairy Management
  • Farm Business Management
  • Field Crops
  • Livestock & Small Farms

Enrollment Benefits

  • Telephone / Email Consultations
  • Ag Focus Newsletter
  • Direct Mailings
  • Educational Meetings & Conferences
  • In-Field Educational Opportunities
  • On-Farm Research Trials

Enrollee Login


Log In To Access:

  • Issues of Ag Focus Newsletters
  • Helpful Diagnostic Tool:
      What's wrong with my crop?

Not an Enrollee? Enroll Now!

Online Enrollment Form

Cultural Dynamics

Libby Eiholzer, Bilingual Dairy
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

Last Modified: June 14, 2013

Having worked with Hispanic, Spanish-speaking employees for some time now, dairy farm owners and managers have, expectantly, learned a thing or two about the cultural differences between themselves and their employees. Hopefully, they have learned to recognize the similarities as well. Articles in trade magazines, speakers and conferences and others in the industry have provided information on the cultural dynamics that we are witnessing on dairy farms. As farm owners/managers, you are probably familiar with the specifics by now; the need for Dish to get the best channels in Spanish, Phone cards, money orders, shopping, etc. The following, however, is an attempt to explain and important, overarching concept to keep in mind while managing Hispanic employees.

Power Distance
Geert Hofstede's work on Cultural Dynamics introduced this concept. Power distance is the extent to which the less powerful members of institutions and organizations expect and accept that power is distributed unequally. Some cultures, like the United States, emphasize cooperative decision making, teamwork and the perception of equality between employer and employee. This is known and Low power distance. On the other hand, some cultures emphasize hierarchy, order and chain of command. In these cultures of High power distance, an employer is recognized as having the authority and as the decision-maker, while the employees are expected to meet the employer's demands. Hofstede surveyed 53 countries around the world and rated them on a continuum of High to Low power distance. The United States ranks at the bottom of the list at #38 - low power distance. The countries from which most of our Hispanic employees originate, Mexico and Guatemala, rank at the top of the list; #5 and #2 respectively.

How does this impact management on your farm? Consider the differences the management style– generally, we here in the United States invite employee feedback, ask the employees what their work preferences are, and even expect to have our employees make some independent decisions. Our employees, on the other hand, expect to have a Boss. I’ve noticed on so many dairies that the Hispanic employees become frustrated when the manager doesn’t give strong directions. Many Hispanic dairy employees that I’ve met prefer to be given orders and specific job duties. Without orders and duties, a perceived lack of authority could arise and further disgruntle the employees.

So how can we manage this dynamic? Take a command role when managing your Hispanic employees as a group, be a boss while being fair and objective. Make decisions with certitude and give your employees direction rather than acting unsure or asking them what they want. Along with this, make an effort to get to know your employees– if they have family, or if they are buying a plot of land in Mexico. As you build rapport, your employees will learn your individual management style and healthy work relationships will develop.

Cultural Dynamics (pdf; 23KB)











Upcoming Events

Fertilizers and Herbicides

Event Offers DEC Credits

March 31, 2023
Mount Morris, NY

As input costs rise, it is necessary to employ the best management practices, and it can be advantageous to know what you're getting from your purchases. Plan to attend if you want to understand the terminology, calculations, formulations, and chemistry behind your fertility and herbicide recommendations. 

view details

Agritourism Workshops Monthly!

February 20, 2023
March 20, 2023
April 17, 2023
May 15, 2023
June 19, 2023
July 17, 2023

Are you thinking of starting an agritourism business or are you currently operating one?
Join our monthly lunch-hour, workshop virtual series and learn how to grow your agritourism business!

The first session will cover the basics of running an agritourism operation. The following sessions will focus on specific topic to help aspiring agritourism entrepreneurs grow their knowledge and profit through this exciting on-farm business.

view details

Dairy Comp 305 for Spanish Speakers

April 19, 2023

This program was rescheduled from March 30th.

This workshop is for employees, supervisors or managers whose first language is Spanish and whose job entails using DC305 on a daily basis.  The objective is for attendees to improve their understanding of the "language" of DC305 as well as the whys behind consistent data entry.  Since DC305 is specific to each farm, the workshop will focus on general application and deeper understanding of how data is used on dairy farms.

view details


Join us on Facebook!

Follow us on Facebook to get up to date posts about events, workshops and everything NWNY!

Add us on LinkedIn!

Connect with us on LinkedIn to get more information about upcoming workshops and programs!

Watch Us on YouTube

Watch instructional videos from specialists in the field!

Subscribe for Emails about Events & Workshops!


* indicates required