Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops Enrollment

Program Areas

  • Dairy Management
  • Farm Business Management
  • Field Crops
  • Livestock & Small Farms

Enrollment Benefits

  • Telephone / Email Consultations
  • Ag Focus Newsletter
  • Direct Mailings
  • Educational Meetings & Conferences
  • In-Field Educational Opportunities
  • On-Farm Research Trials

Enrollee Login


Log In To Access:

  • Issues of Ag Focus Newsletters
  • Helpful Diagnostic Tool:
      What's wrong with my crop?

Fall Forages

Nancy Glazier, Small Farms & Livestock
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops

September 8, 2016
Fall Forages

Alfalfa. Looking at fourth cutting? How desperately do you need the forage? Some recent research out of Quebec shows that alfalfa needs at least 500 growing degree days (GDDs base 40 degrees) after the last cutting OR less than 200 GDDs prior to a killing frost (25 degrees) for winter survival. Also, forage quality doesn't change as quickly in September, so waiting another week before harvesting will not have much impact on quality. Weigh the risks of taking the cut with the age of the stand in mind. To run some scenarios looking at GDDs, check out Take a look at some historical data under Weather Data to help make your decisions. Looking at Rochester for the past two years showed 694 GDDs in 2014 and 837 in 2015. Accumulations drop off significantly in October, so weigh the risks with the needs.

Don't forget the importance of good fertility, especially potassium, heading into winter. Adequate potassium is needed in early fall to store energy reserves for winter survival. Some regrowth will help to catch winter snow to hold it for protection and moisture. Fields will need early spring assessment of stand survival.

If some timely rains arrive, an additional 50 lbs. actual nitrogen will help provide a yield boost for grass fields or pastures.

Pastures. Don't jump the gun on getting back to grazing. Some farms are experiencing some regrowth and are patiently waiting, while others are not. Best to give them time to grow to 8-10 inches. Don't overgraze unless you are planning to open things up for a March frost seeding. Fall is the best time to plan for that with either short mowing or close grazing. Another option may be to stockpile for dormant grazing. Even then it is still critical not to overgraze.

Hay supplies. The USDA's National Drought Mitigation Center states as of August 9th 17% of the hayland across the country is impacted by drought. According to Progressive Forage website under News, for the first week of August hay supplies generally exceeded demand. This was lower-quality hay with many areas reporting little dairy quality. Supplies are variable across the state. Locally, many hay sellers are taking care of repeat customers now and hanging on to the rest.

Hay is out there, you'll need to find it and secure enough to get you through the winter feeding season. There are many sellers with listings on the internet. One site that has a listing state by state is The listings appear to be current; descriptions (alfalfa, timothy, etc.) with prices listed. Another option is Prices on these two sites run $200-225/ton. There are also auctions in the region. Finger Lakes Produce Auction has sales every Friday at noon, Finger Lakes Livestock Exchange will hold hay and straw auctions on Wednesdays at 10 am starting in October.

Food for Thought. Keeping the ground covered through the winter is critical, too. Cover crops or winter small grains capture nutrients to hold them for next year's growing season.











calendar of events

Upcoming Events

Dairy Cattle Summer Research Update

July 18, 2019
Batavia, NY

After the day's work is done, come hear about two new research trials conducted by Julio Giordano's lab:
  • Strategies for improving dairy cattle reproductive performance and economics
  • Using automated sensors for improving dairy cattle health monitoring and management

view details

Weed Resistance Management Demonstration and Plot Tour

Event Offers DEC Credits

July 23, 2019
1:00 - 3:00 p.m.
Waterloo, NY

Come join us on July 23 in Seneca County at Quinten Good's farm for a demonstration and walking tour of 16 different pre- and post-emergence treatments in soybean and 12 different treatments and combinations in corn.
  • Tall waterhemp and marestail are two weeds that are resistant to glyphosate and ALS herbicide modes of action in the WNY and Finger Lakes regions.
  • Each year the number of acres with resistant weed populations expands.
  • For herbicides to be an effective tool in weed management, we have to know what chemistries & application timings are most effective against these resistant weeds.

view details

Income and Real Property Tax Primer-A Learning Circle for Women Non-Operating Land Owners of Ag Land

July 24, 2019
9:00 am - 3:00 pm
Portageville, NY

For many of us taxes can be a mystery, let's have a conversation with the experts about the tax considerations agricultural landowners need to think about. 
view details


RMA Announces Additional One-time Changes to Prevented Planting Provisions

June 29, 2019

RMA Announces Additional One-time Changes to Prevented Planting Provisions
for 2019 Crop Year

In response to delayed and prevented planting resulting from above average rainfall and wetness, the USDA Risk Management Agency has made a one-time change to the 2019 crop year prevented planting rules that effectively allows silage corn, if planted as a cover crop following local agricultural expert guidelines, to be acceptable as a post-prevented planting cover crop. Under this one-time rule change, producers are allowed to produce this crop while retaining their prevented planting payment. This change couples with previously announced one-time changes to the prevented planting rules - including expanded acceptable uses for post-prevented planting cover crops and a change in the cover crop haying and grazing start date rule - serve to help those struggling to meet their forage needs due to the weather.

Read the full article from the New York Crop Insurance Education Program.

The USDA-RMA states that "For crop insurance purposes, a cover crop is a crop generally recognized by agricultural experts as agronomically sound for the area for erosion control or other purposes related to conservation or soil improvement." PRO-DAIRY specialists Joe Lawrence and Karl Czymmek and Dr. Quirine Ketterings, Professor and Director of Cornell Nutrient Management Spear Program have released a letter stating "Corn on Prevented Planting acres meets these objectives."

USDA Announces New Decision Tool for New Dairy Margin Coverage Program

WASHINGTON, April 30, 2019 ? Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue announced today the availability of a new web-based tool - developed in partnership with the University of Wisconsin - to help dairy producers evaluate various scenarios using different coverage levels through the new Dairy Margin Coverage (DMC) program.

The 2018 Farm Bill authorized
DMC, a voluntary risk management program that offers financial protection to dairy producers when the difference between the all milk price and the average feed cost (the margin) falls below a certain dollar amount selected by the producer. It replaces the program previously known as the Margin Protection Program for Dairy. Sign up for this USDA Farm Service Agency (FSA) program opens on June 17.

"With sign-up for the
DMC program just weeks away, we encourage producers to use this new support tool to help make decisions on participation in the program," Secretary Perdue said. "Dairy producers have faced tough challenges over the years, but the DMC program should help producers better weather the ups and downs in the industry."

The University of Wisconsin launched the decision support tool in cooperation with FSA and funded through a cooperative agreement with the USDA Office of the Chief Economist. The tool was designed to help producers determine the level of coverage under a variety of conditions that will provide them with the strongest financial safety net. It allows farmers to simplify their coverage level selection by combining operation data and other key variables to calculate coverage needs based on price projections.

The decision tool assists producers with calculating total premiums costs and administrative fees associated with participation in
DMC. It also forecasts payments that will be made during the coverage year.

The new Dairy Margin Coverage program offers very appealing options for all dairy farmers to reduce their net income risk due to volatility in milk or feed prices," said Dr. Mark Stephenson, Director of Dairy Policy Analysis, University of Wisconsin, Madison. "Higher coverage levels, monthly payments, and more flexible production coverage options are especially helpful for the sizable majority of farms who can cover much of their milk production with the new five million pound maximum for Tier 1 premiums. This program deserves the careful consideration of all dairy farmers."

For more information, access the tool at For
DMC sign up, eligibility and related program information, visit or contact your local USDA Service Center. To locate your local FSA office, visit

New Guidance for Mortality Disposal Issued

NYS Department of Ag and Markets has posted guidelines on disposal of livestock carcasses, in response to reports that some rendering companies have halted pickups from farms.|1